Barbara Barna

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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) is a ligand-activated, nuclear transcription factor that regulates genes involved in lipid and glucose metabolism, inflammation, and other pathways. The hematopoietic growth factor, granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), is essential for lung homeostasis and is thought to(More)
Surfactant accumulates in alveolar macrophages of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) knockout (KO) mice and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) patients with a functional loss of GM-CSF resulting from neutralizing anti-GM-CSF antibody. Alveolar macrophages from PAP patients and GM-CSF KO mice are de-ficient in peroxisome(More)
Recent studies suggest an immune modulator role for C-reactive protein (CRP). We have tested the effect of CRP in a tumor system designed for study of metastases. Fibrosarcoma T241 was implanted on one hind foot of syngeneic C57BL/6 mice. After 17 days, the tumor-bearing feet were amputated, and i.v. therapy of liposomes containing CRP or control reagents(More)
Infiltration of the central nervous system (CNS) by monocytes is a characteristic of many non-malignant disease processes, although the signals regulating such traffic are unclear. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and other inflammatory cytokines have been shown to elicit production of monocyte chemoattractant activity in glioma cells, but the regulation of such(More)
Rituximab, a monoclonal antibody directed against the B-lymphocyte antigen CD20, has shown promise in several autoimmune disorders. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is an autoimmune disorder characterised by autoantibodies to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). An open-label, proof-of-concept phase II clinical trial was conducted(More)
Patients with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) display impaired surfactant clearance, foamy, lipid-filled alveolar macrophages, and increased cholesterol metabolites within the lung. Neutralizing autoantibodies to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) are also present, resulting in virtual GM-CSF deficiency. We investigated ABCG1 and(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe relative hazards in sectors of the beryllium industry, risk factors of beryllium disease and sensitisation related to work process were sought in a beryllium manufacturing plant producing pure metal, oxide, alloys, and ceramics. METHODS All 646 active employees were interviewed; beryllium sensitisation was ascertained with the(More)
DNA synthesis was studied in primary glial cell cultures derived from adult human non-neoplastic and neoplastic brain tissues. Enhanced DNA synthesis occurred in 5/5 non-neoplastic astrocyte, one oligodendroglioma, and 2/5 astrocytoma cultures after exposure to medium containing 1.25-12.5% supernatant fluid (SF) from insoluble concanavalin A (Con A)(More)
Because of its unique properties, beryllium has become widely used in a variety of industrial applications, including inertial guidance systems, turbine rotor blades, laser tubes, rocket engine liners, springs, aircraft brakes and landing gear, ball bearings, injection and blow mold tooling, electrical contacts, automotive electronics, X-ray tube windows,(More)
Elevation of the cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) inhibitor, p27(kip1) is necessary for Interleukin (IL)-4-mediated growth arrest of human low grade astrocytoma (RTLGA) cells and occurs at 24 h of treatment. Pathways involved in IL4 alteration of p27(kip1) are unknown, however. Here we investigated whether other cdk inhibitors contributed to the actions of(More)