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The active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25[OH](2)D(3)) is a potent immunomodulatory seco-steroid. We have demonstrated that several components of vitamin D metabolism and signaling are strongly expressed in human uterine decidua from first trimester pregnancies, suggesting that locally produced 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) may exert immunosuppressive(More)
Remodeling of uterine spiral arteries is critical for the continuation of a successful pregnancy. Uterine natural killer (uNK) cells are the predominant leukocyte population in the early pregnant decidua, and a role for these cells in spiral artery remodeling in pregnancy has been suggested. Angiogenic growth factors were measured in isolated uNK and total(More)
BACKGROUND Invasion by extravillous trophoblast into uterine decidua and myometrium with remodeling of spiral arteries is essential for normal human pregnancy and is tightly regulated. Uterine natural killer (uNK) cells appear to be a major maternal regulator of placentation through the secretion of growth factors, cytokines and proteinases. METHOD Matrix(More)
Multiplex cytokine analysis technologies have become readily available in the last five years. Two main formats exist: multiplex sandwich ELISA and bead based assays. While these have each been compared to individual ELISAs, there has been no direct comparison between the two formats. We report here the comparison of two multiplex sandwich ELISA procedures(More)
BACKGROUND Extravillous trophoblast cell (EVT) invasion of decidua and inner third of the myometrium is critical for a successful pregnancy. Many decidual factors are likely to play a role in regulating this process, including uterine natural killer (uNK) cell-derived cytokines. HYPOTHESES 1) uNK cells are a major source of IFN gamma (IFN-gamma) and 2)(More)
The placental renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is active from early pregnancy and may have a role in placentation. Angiotensin II (AngII) acts via binding to receptor types AT1R and AT2R. Recently smaller peptide members of the angiotensin family have been recognised as having biological relevance. Angiotensin (3-8) (AngIV) has a specific receptor (AT4R) and(More)
Most research on human decidual leucocytes to date has focused on the predominant CD56+ uterine natural killer (uNK) cell population in early pregnancy. Few reports have documented decidual leucocyte populations after 13 weeks gestation and in late pregnancy. Placental bed (decidua basalis) and non-placental bed (decidua parietalis) biopsies from normal(More)
BACKGROUND Increased numbers of phenotypically unusual CD56(bright) CD16- uterine natural killer (uNK) cells have been associated with recurrent reproductive failure. uNK cells produce angiogenic growth factors and are potential regulators of decidual angiogenesis in early pregnancy. The final common mechanism for early pregnancy loss is thought to be early(More)
Alterations in the balance of leucocyte populations in uterine decidua may lead to the generation of an unfavourable cytokine environment that is associated with unsuccessful pregnancy. Single and double immunohistochemical labelling was used to examine leucocyte populations in decidua from normal third trimester, foetal growth-restricted and pre-eclamptic(More)
Extravillous trophoblast cell (EVT) invasion in early pregnancy occurs in a relatively low-oxygen environment. The role of oxygen in regulation of EVT invasion remains controversial. We hypothesized that 1) culture in 3% oxygen inhibits EVT invasion compared with culture at 8% or 20% oxygen and 2) inhibition of invasion is due to alterations in levels of(More)