Barbara A. Cromer

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PURPOSE To conduct a longitudinal comparison of bone mineral density (BMD) in 370 adolescent girls, aged 12-18, who self-selected depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) or an oral contraceptive (OC) containing 20 microg ethinyl estradiol/100 microg levonorgestrel with that in girls who received no hormonal treatment (control group). METHODS Lumbar spine(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine bone density among adolescents receiving different forms of hormonal contraception along with that of control subjects. METHODS Baseline and 1-year measures of lumbar vertebral bone density were obtained in girls receiving depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo-Provera) (n = 15), levonorgestrel (Norplant) (n = 7), or oral(More)
This article is a literature review of high-risk behaviors, including sexual activity, in adolescents with chronic illness. Three different models describing biopsychosocial constructs for risky behaviors are discussed. Regarding specific behaviors, findings from the literature include a substantial prevalence of sexual activity, but low level of knowledge(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine spirituality as a meaningful construct in adolescents' lives, and to examine the contribution of spirituality above and beyond that of religiosity to depressive symptoms and health-risk behaviors. METHOD A total of 134 adolescents from a suburban high school completed a questionnaire assessing spirituality,(More)
We studied cognitive function and metabolic status in a group of healthy adolescents fed the government supplied breakfast (n = 18) versus a control group (n = 16) fed a very low calorie meal. Serum glucose and beta-hydroxybutyrate levels were repeatedly measured at predetermined intervals throughout the testing period. Acute cognitive and mood effect were(More)
The purpose of this Position Paper is to review the published Black Box Warning regarding depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) and bone loss as it relates to adolescent girls. The scientific findings that prompted the Food and Drug Administration to issue the warning are reviewed and the following additional issues are considered: (1) likely low risk of(More)
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D)] and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in adolescent females residing in a northern climate. Concern regarding vitamin D status in this population is due to limited sunlight exposure in northern latitudes, decreased outdoor recreational activities, as well as decreased(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether bone mineral density (BMD) is lower in hormonal-contraceptive users than in an untreated comparison group. DESIGN Observational, prospective cohort; 24-month duration. SETTING Adolescent clinics in a metropolitan Midwestern setting. PATIENT(S) Four hundred thirty-three postmenarcheal girls, 12-18 years of age, who were(More)
The impact of the financial incentive of playing a lottery on the rate of return for test-of-cure cultures was evaluated at a clinic for sexually transmitted diseases. All teenagers and young adults treated for gonorrhea (or as contacts of patients with gonorrhea) who were given a test-of-cure appointment were eligible to participate; in order to win, they(More)
Background: Normative bone mineral density (BMD) values for adults do not apply to the pediatric population because of dramatic and variable rates of bone mineral acquisition that take place throughout adolescence. Objective: This study was designed to provide normative BMD values for the lumbar spine and femoral neck by age, weight, and race in female(More)