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Trypomastigotes, the infective stages of the intracellular parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, induce rapid and repetitive cytosolic free Ca2+ transients in fibroblasts. Buffering or depletion of intracellular free Ca2+ inhibits cell entry by trypomastigotes, indicating a role for this signaling event in invasion. We show here that the majority of the(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is a common response to injury and hemodynamic stress and an important harbinger of heart failure and death. Herein, we identify the Kruppel-like factor 15 (KLF15) as an inhibitor of cardiac hypertrophy. Myocardial expression of KLF15 is reduced in rodent models of hypertrophy and in biopsy samples from patients with pressure-overload(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi infection leads to development of chronic Chagas disease. In this article, we provide an update on the current knowledge of the mechanisms employed by the parasite to gain entry into the host cells and establish persistent infection despite activation of a potent immune response by the host. Recent studies point to a number of T. cruzi(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi, the intracellular protozoan parasite that causes Chagasic cardiomyopathy, elicits a robust hypertrophic response in isolated cardiomyocytes. Previous studies established that T. cruzi-elicited cardiomyocyte hypertrophy is mediated by interleukin-1beta produced by infected cardiomyocyte cultures. Here, we define key upstream signaling(More)
Signal transduction events triggered in mammalian host cells by the obligate intracellular parasite Trypanosoma cruzi are required for invasion. Infective T. cruzi trypomastigotes elicit Ca2+ signaling in mammalian host cells and activate transforming growth factor-beta receptor signaling pathways. The elevation of Ca2+ in T. cruzi, induced by host-cell(More)
Chagas' disease, the leading cause of heart failure in Latin America, results from infection with the intracellular protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Host cell responses elicited in the myocardium early in the infective process are thought to be critical for establishment of infection by this pathogen; however, these changes have not been well(More)
One of the hallmarks of Trypanosoma cruzi invasion of non-professional phagocytes is facilitation of the process by host cell actin depolymerization. Host cell entry by invasive T. cruzi trypomastigotes is accomplished by exploiting a cellular wound repair process involving Ca(2+)-regulated lysosome exocytosis (i.e. lysosome-dependent) or by engaging a(More)
Surface adhesion proteins are essential for Trypanosoma cruzi invasion of mammalian cells. Here we show that Dispersed Gene Family-1 (DGF-1) members, previously identified as nuclear repeated sequences present in several chromosomes and comprising the third largest T. cruzi specific gene family, have conserved adhesin motifs including four segments with(More)
The protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes human Chagas' disease, exerts a variety of effects on host extracellular matrix (ECM) including proteolytic degradation of collagens and dampening of ECM gene expression. Exposure of primary human dermal fibroblasts to live infective T. cruzi trypomastigotes or their shed/secreted products results in a(More)
Novel technologies that include recombinant pathogens and rapid detection methods are contributing to the development of drugs for neglected diseases. Recently, the results from the first high throughput screening (HTS) to test compounds for activity against Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigote infection of host cells were reported. We have selected 23(More)