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Trypomastigotes, the infective stages of the intracellular parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, induce rapid and repetitive cytosolic free Ca2+ transients in fibroblasts. Buffering or depletion of intracellular free Ca2+ inhibits cell entry by trypomastigotes, indicating a role for this signaling event in invasion. We show here that the majority of the(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is a common response to injury and hemodynamic stress and an important harbinger of heart failure and death. Herein, we identify the Kruppel-like factor 15 (KLF15) as an inhibitor of cardiac hypertrophy. Myocardial expression of KLF15 is reduced in rodent models of hypertrophy and in biopsy samples from patients with pressure-overload(More)
The protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi must enter cells of its vertebrate host in order to replicate. Once this is accomplished, the infective trypomastigotes can invade many different cell types from several host species. This observation is in agreement with the parasite's wide natural host range. Studies performed with cultured mammalian cells in vitro(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi infection leads to development of chronic Chagas disease. In this article, we provide an update on the current knowledge of the mechanisms employed by the parasite to gain entry into the host cells and establish persistent infection despite activation of a potent immune response by the host. Recent studies point to a number of T. cruzi(More)
Mammalian cell invasion by the intracellular protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is mediated by recruitment and fusion of host cell lysosomes, an unusual process that has been proposed to be dependent on the ability of parasites to trigger intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) transients in host cells. Previous work implicated the T.cruzi(More)
Mammalian cell invasion by the protozoan parasite, Trypanosoma cruzi, is facilitated by the activation of host cell phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI 3)-kinases. We demonstrate that the well-characterized Ca2+-regulated lysosome-mediated parasite entry pathway is abolished by wortmannin pretreatment. In addition, we have characterized a novel route of T. cruzi(More)
IFN-γ is a major cytokine that mediates resistance against the intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii. The p65 guanylate-binding proteins (GBPs) are strongly induced by IFN-γ. We studied the behavior of murine GBP1 (mGBP1) upon infection with T. gondii in vitro and confirmed that IFN-γ-dependent re-localization of mGBP1 to the parasitophorous vacuole (PV)(More)
Signal transduction events triggered in mammalian host cells by the obligate intracellular parasite Trypanosoma cruzi are required for invasion. Infective T. cruzi trypomastigotes elicit Ca2+ signaling in mammalian host cells and activate transforming growth factor-beta receptor signaling pathways. The elevation of Ca2+ in T. cruzi, induced by host-cell(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi, the intracellular protozoan parasite that causes Chagasic cardiomyopathy, elicits a robust hypertrophic response in isolated cardiomyocytes. Previous studies established that T. cruzi-elicited cardiomyocyte hypertrophy is mediated by interleukin-1beta produced by infected cardiomyocyte cultures. Here, we define key upstream signaling(More)
Cell invasion by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi involves activation of host signaling pathways and the recruitment and fusion of lysosomes at the parasite entry site. A major signaling pathway regulating invasion of fibroblasts, epithelial cells, and myoblasts involves mobilization of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores and requires the activity of a(More)