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Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure was measured among 242 children with asthma who live in homes where at least one person smokes. Subjects were identified through clinics, schools, community agencies, and hospitals serving low-income, medically underserved communities in Los Angeles. Parents were surveyed about smoking behaviors in the household,(More)
A tobacco use prevention curriculum tailored for deaf/hard of hearing youth was tested using a quasi-experimental design. Two schools for the deaf received the curriculum; two served as noncurriculum controls. Surveys assessed changes in tobacco use, tobacco education exposure, and tobacco-related attitudes and knowledge among students in grades 7-12 over 3(More)
We report on the results of a low-intensity behavioral intervention to reduce second hand smoke (SHS) exposure of children with asthma from low income minority households in Los Angeles, California. In this study, 242 child/adult dyads were randomized to a behavioral intervention (video, workbook, minimal counseling) or control condition (brochure). Main(More)
Little research has focused on alcohol and illicit drug use among deaf and hard of hearing youth. Findings are reported from survey data collected among high school students at two phases of a program of research primarily focusing on tobacco use [Phase 1: (1999/2000) n = 226, Phase 2: (2004) n = 618). Evidence of considerable ever (lifetime) drinking(More)
BACKGROUND Timely diagnostic resolution of abnormal breast findings represents a critical step in efforts to reduce breast cancer morbidity and mortality. Yet, follow-up rates among resource poor populations are not optimal. Efforts to mitigate this disparity are needed. We report results of a randomized trial assessing the effectiveness of a patient(More)
BACKGROUND Recruitment to interventional research, clinical trials, and community-based health programs remains a central public health challenge, particularly among low-income and multi-ethnic populations. Utilizing existing community institutions and "opportunistic" communication channels within these settings for recruitment seems an optimal strategy for(More)
Formidable barriers hinder use of standard data collection methods among deaf youth. Culturally and linguistically sensitive data collection strategies are needed to identify the unmet health and programming needs of this population. Unfortunately, researchers often fail to describe the issues involved in developing such targeted methods. The authors(More)
Abstract Weight-related beliefs, attitudes, and patterns of weight change were analyzed for 144 registered nurses followed for one year in a self-help smoking cessation study. Smoking history and outcome status, physical descriptors, weight orientation, and use of self-help smoking cessation materials were examined in relation to weight change. A multiple(More)
Reaching nonvolunteer female smokers with effective smoking cessation programs is a critical public health challenge. Smokers (N = 2,786) among 15,004 female members of a health maintenance organization who completed a routine needs assessment were invited into the "UCLA Preventive Health Behavior Study," consisting of five telephone interviews over 2 years(More)