Baptiste Faucheux

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Friedreich ataxia is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder caused by loss of function mutations in the frataxin gene. In order to unravel frataxin function we developed monoclonal antibodies raised against different regions of the protein. These antibodies detect a processed 18 kDa protein in various human and mouse tissues and cell lines that is(More)
Cellular expression of cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) mRNA has recently been used as a metabolic marker for neuronal activity to study the functional changes in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in parkinsonism. The previous experimental studies have been performed when the pathological state was stabilized at a maximal level. In order to determine the(More)
Caspase-3 is an effector of apoptosis in experimental models of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, its potential role in the human pathology remains to be demonstrated. Using caspase-3 immunohistochemistry on the postmortem human brain, we observed a positive correlation between the degree of neuronal loss in dopaminergic (DA) cell groups affected in the(More)
Caspase-8 is a proximal effector protein of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family death pathway. In the present human postmortem study, we observed a significantly higher percentage of dopaminergic (DA) substantia nigra pars compacta neurons that displayed caspase-8 activation in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients compared with controls. In an in vivo(More)
Parkinson's disease is characterized by a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the mesencephalon. Although the mechanism of this neuronal loss is still unknown, oxidative stress is very likely involved in the cascade of events leading to nerve cell death. Since nitric oxide could be involved in the production of free radicals, we analysed, using(More)
Evidence from postmortem studies suggest an involvement of oxidative stress in the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson disease (PD) that have recently been shown to die by apoptosis, but the relationship between oxidative stress and apoptosis has not yet been elucidated. Activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB is associated with(More)
Oxidative stress is thought to be involved in the mechanism of nerve cell death in Parkinson's disease (PD). Among several toxic oxidative species, nitric oxide (NO) has been proposed as a key element on the basis of the increased density of glial cells expressing inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the substantia nigra (SN) of patients with PD.(More)
The presence of an abnormal, protease-resistant form of the prion protein (PrP) is the hallmark of various forms of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) which can affect a number of mammalian species, including humans. The normal, cellular form of this protein, PrPc, while abundant in brain is also present in many tissues and a number of species.(More)
The data reviewed here show that, in Parkinson's disease (PD), some dopaminergic neurons are more vulnerable than others to the pathologic process. The glial cells surrounding dopaminergic neurons may be involved in this selective vulnerability. One subpopulation of glial cells, in particular, may play a neuroprotective role by metabolizing dopamine and(More)