Baozhu Ren

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Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is efficacious for pain due to injury of peripheral nerves, and therefore models of mononeuropathy appear to be particularly suitable for an experimental approach to the study of mechanisms underlying the clinical effect of this mode of treatment in chronic neuropathic pain. Virtually all previous experimental studies on SCS(More)
In spite of the routine usage of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) as treatment of chronic pain, there is an insufficient understanding of the mechanisms underlying its effect. The method was originally developed as a spin-off from experiments demonstrating the inhibitory control of nociceptive signals by the activation of large afferent fibers, and on the(More)
The physiological mechanisms responsible for pain relief caused by spinal cord stimulation (SCS) are essentially unknown and recent experimental data are sparse. In the present study the authors explored the possible involvement of supraspinal mechanisms in the effects of SCS applied in rats with experimental mononeuropathy produced by sciatic nerve(More)
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been increasingly used in the treatment of ischemia caused by obliterative diseases in the extremities and in the cardiac circulation. The most promising effects have been obtained when physicians suspect that a major vasospastic component underlies the ischemic symptoms (e.g., as in Raynaud's disease). Despite the clinical(More)
Electric spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is at present used in many centers to treat ischemic pain and ischemia in peripheral vascular disease. The most promising results have been obtained in cases where a vasospastic component is dominating. The knowledge concerning the mechanisms behind these effects has been scanty, but recent experimental studies(More)
This prospective study aims to explore the benefit of cytokine-induced killer cell (CIK) treatment in hepatocellular carcinoma patients, which has not yet been thoroughly studied before. From January 2004 to May 2009, 132 patients who were initially diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma of Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage A, B or C, Child–Pugh(More)
We present the first clinical evidence of advanced squamous non-small cell lung cancer with severe thrombocytopenia showing dramatic improvement after first-line treatment with pembrolizumab plus autologous cytokine-induced killer cells.
Autotomy in experimental animals following peripheral nerve section has been interpreted as a sign of pain corresponding to the chronic pain observed in patients with extensive nerve lesions. Such pain may be alleviated by spinal cord stimulation. In the present study, the effect of such stimulation, via chronically implanted electrodes, on autotomy(More)
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