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We review recent progress in the development of electrochemical biosensors based on ferroceneboronic acid (FcBA) and ferrocene (Fc)-modified boronic acids. These compounds can be used to construct electrochemical biosensors because they consist of a binding site (i.e., a boronic acid moiety) and an electrochemically active part (i.e., an Fc residue). By(More)
The macrophage migration inhibitory factor (mif) cDNA and its genome were cloned from small abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta. Small abalone mif (samif) was originally identified from an expressed sequence tag (EST) fragment from a normalized cDNA library. It's 5' untranslated region (UTR) was obtained by 5' rapid amplification of cDNA end (RACE)(More)
A large-scale combined ponds-wetland system was applied for advanced treatment of refractory pollutants in petrochemical industrial wastewater. The system was designed to enhance bioactivity and biological diversity, which consisted of anaerobic ponds (APs), facultative ponds (FPs), aerobic pond and wetland. The refractory pollutants in the petrochemical(More)
BACKGROUND Many prospective cohort studies have investigated the association between nut consumption and risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, results have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVE We aimed to investigate the association between nut consumption and risk of CAD, stroke, hypertension, and T2D.(More)
Despite the fact that, in practice, enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) is often combined with biological nitrogen removal (BNR), the feasibility of nitrite (an intermediate in BNR) utilization, by denitrifying poly-P accumulating organisms (DPAO) is still unclear. In this study, the effect of nitrite on the EBPR was evaluated by investigating the(More)
Layer-by-layer (LbL) thin films were prepared using an amphoteric copolymer consisting of alternating diallylamine and maleic acid monomer units (PDAMA), and pH-induced decomposition of the films was studied. LbL deposition of poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) and PDAMA on a solid surface afforded thin films at pH 3.0, while thin films did not form at pH 8.0.(More)
Redox reactions of ferricyanide ions, [Fe(CN)6]3-, in polysaccharide thin films that were prepared by layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition on the surface of a gold electrode were studied electrochemically by cyclic voltammetry. LbL films composed of alginic acid (AGA) and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) were successfully prepared using poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) and(More)
Multilayer thin films composed of poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) have been prepared on the surface of a gold (Au) disk electrode by a layer-by-layer deposition of PAH and CMC and ferricyanide ions ([Fe(CN)(6)](3-)) were confined in the film. [Fe(CN)(6)](3-) ions can be successfully confined in the films from weakly(More)
This article reviews recent progress in the development of lectin-based biosensors used for the determination of glucose, pathogenic bacteria and toxins, cancer cells, and lectins. Lectin proteins have been widely used for the construction of optical and electrochemical biosensors by exploiting the specific binding affinity to carbohydrates. Among lectin(More)