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This paper presents a precise localization algorithm for vehicles in 3D urban environment with only one 2D LIDAR and odometry information. A novel idea of synthetic 2D LIDAR is proposed to solve the localization problem on a virtual 2D plane. A Monte Carlo Localization scheme is adopted for vehicle position estimation, based on synthetic LIDAR measurements(More)
In this paper, we present a multivehicle cooperative driving system architecture using cooperative perception along with experimental validation. For this goal, we first propose a multimodal cooperative perception system that provides see-through, lifted-seat, satellite and all-around views to drivers. Using the extended range information from the system,(More)
One of the most prominent features on an urban road is the curb, which defines the boundary of a road surface. An intersection is a junction of two or more roads, appearing where no curb exists. The combination of curb and intersection features and their idiosyncrasies carry significant information about the urban road network that can be exploited to(More)
We present an autonomous vehicle providing mobility-on-demand service in a crowded urban environment. The focus in developing the vehicle has been to attain autonomous driving with minimal sensing and low cost, off-the-shelf sensors to ensure the system's economic viability. The autonomous vehicle has successfully completed over 50 km handling numerous(More)
This paper describes an autonomous vehicle testbed that aims at providing the first- and last- mile transportation services. The vehicle mainly operates in a crowded urban environment whose features can be extracted a priori. To ensure that the system is economically feasible, we take a minimalistic approach and exploit prior knowledge of the environment(More)
In this paper, we attempt to develop a reusable framework of cooperative perception for vehicle control on the road that can extend perception range beyond line-of-sight and beyond field-of-view. For this goal, the following problems are addressed: map merging, vehicle identification, sensor multi-modality, impact of communications, and impact on path(More)
We detail the design of autonomous golf cars which were used in public trials in Singapore's Chinese and Japanese Gardens, for the purpose of raising public awareness and gaining user acceptance of autonomous vehicles. The golf cars were designed to be robust, reliable, and safe, while operating under prolonged durations. Considerations that went in to the(More)
Moving object recognition is one of the most fundamental functions for autonomous vehicles, which occupy an environment shared by other dynamic agents. We propose a spatial-temporal (ST) approach for moving object recognition using a 2D LIDAR. Our experiments show reliable performance. The contributions of this paper include: (i) the design of ST features(More)
Autonomous driving within the pedestrian environment is always challenging, as the perception ability is limited by the crowdedness and the planning process is constrained by the complicated human behaviors. In this paper, we present a vehicle planning system for self-driving with limited perception in the pedestrian environment. Acknowledging the(More)
In this paper, we report a fully automated detailed mapping of a challenging urban environment using single LIDAR. To improve scan matching, extended correlative scan matcher is proposed. Also, a Monte Carlo loop closure detection is implemented to perform place recognition efficiently. Automatic recovery of the pose graph map in the presence of false place(More)