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A highly efficient drug vector for photodynamic therapy (PDT) drug delivery was developed by synthesizing PEGylated gold nanoparticle conjugates, which act as a water-soluble and biocompatible "cage" that allows delivery of a hydrophobic drug to its site of PDT action. The dynamics of drug release in vitro in a two-phase solution system and in vivo in(More)
Background and objective Combined magnetic resonance/positron emission tomography (MR/PET) is a relatively new, hybrid imaging modality. MR-based attenuation correction often requires segmentation of the bone on MR images. In this study, we present an automatic segmentation method for the skull on MR images for attenuation correction in brain MR/PET(More)
Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) is an emerging imaging modality for medical applications, especially in disease diagnosis and image-guided surgery. HSI acquires a three-dimensional dataset called hypercube, with two spatial dimensions and one spectral dimension. Spatially resolved spectral imaging obtained by HSI provides diagnostic information about the tissue(More)
In this study, we registered live-time interventional magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) slices with a previously obtained high-resolution MRI volume that in turn can be registered with a variety of functional images, e.g., PET, SPECT, for tumor targeting. We created and evaluated a slice-to-volume (SV) registration algorithm with special features for its(More)
Anti-1-amino-3-[(18)F] fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid (anti-3-[(18)F] FACBC) is a synthetic amino acid positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer with utility in the detection of recurrent prostate carcinoma. The aim of this study is to correlate uptake of anti-3-[(18)F] FACBC with histology of prostatectomy specimens in patients undergoing radical(More)
A three-dimensional warping registration algorithm was created and compared to rigid body registration of magnetic resonance (MR) pelvic volumes including the prostate. The rigid body registration method combines the advantages of mutual information (MI) and correlation coefficient at different resolutions. Warping registration is based upon independent(More)
The goal of this research is to register real-time interventional magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) slice images with a previously obtained high-resolution MRI image volume, which in turn can be registered with functional images such as those from SPECT. The immediate application is in iMRI-guided treatment of prostate cancer, where additional images are(More)
We are investigating interventional MRI (iMRI) guided thermal ablation treatment of the prostate cancer. Functional images such as SPECT can detect and localize tumor in the prostate not reliably seen in MRI. We intend to combine the advantages of SPECT with iMRI-guided treatments. Our concept is to first register the low-resolution SPECT with a high(More)
We developed a new minimal path segmentation method for mouse kidney MR images. We used dynamic programming and a minimal path segmentation approach to detect the optimal path within a weighted graph between two end points. The energy function combines distance and gradient information to guide the marching curve and thus to evaluate the best path and to(More)
The proposed macroscopic optical histopathology includes a broad-band light source which is selected to illuminate the tissue glass slide of suspicious pathology, and a hyperspectral camera that captures all wavelength bands from 450 to 950 nm. The system has been trained to classify each histologic slide based on predetermined pathology with light having a(More)