Learn More
The intestinal immune system is exposed to a mixture of foreign antigens from diet, commensal flora and potential pathogens. Understanding how pathogen-specific immunity is elicited while avoiding inappropriate responses to the background of innocuous antigens is essential for understanding and treating intestinal infections and inflammatory diseases. The(More)
Although gene therapy has reduced manifestations of genetic diseases, immune responses can abrogate the effect. One approach to inducing tolerance is to perform gene transfer in newborns when the immune system is immature. We demonstrate here that the dose of retroviral vector (RV) is important in mice, as mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I) mice that received(More)
Recruitment of effector T cells to inflamed peripheral tissues is regulated by chemokines and their receptors, but the factors regulating recruitment to tumors remain largely undefined. Ionizing radiation (IR) therapy is a common treatment modality for breast and other cancers. Used as a cytocidal agent for proliferating cancer cells, IR in combination with(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I) is caused by deficient alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA) activity and results in the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans and multisystemic disease. Gene therapy could program cells to secrete mannose 6-phosphate-modified IDUA, and enzyme in blood could be taken up by other cells. Neonatal retroviral vector (RV)-mediated gene therapy(More)
Pathogen recognition by T cells is dependent on their exquisite specificity for self-major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules presenting a bound peptide. Although this specificity results from positive and negative selection of developing T cells in the thymus, the relative contribution of these two processes remains controversial. To address the(More)
To date, the pathogenesis of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in humans is still not well understood. SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV)-specific CTL responses, in particular their magnitude and duration of postinfection immunity, have not been extensively studied. In this study, we found that heat-inactivated SARS-CoV elicited recall CTL responses to(More)
The intestinal immune system is exposed to a mixture of foreign antigens from diet, commensal flora, and potential pathogens. Understanding how pathogen-specific immunity is elicited while avoiding inappropriate responses to the background of innocuous antigens is essential for understanding and treating intestinal infections and inflammatory diseases. The(More)
  • 1