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Although pesticides have been extensively used for controlling insects and disease pathogens of plants, little is known regarding the impacts of applying these pesticides on the microbial community in the plant phyllosphere. Here, we report the effects of cypermethrin pesticide application upon the microbial community of the pepper plant phyllosphere.(More)
A novel macrolactam fungicide candidate (7B3) and a novel aza-macrolactone fungicide candidate (D1) were designed and synthesized, and the bioassay showed that both displayed excellent fungicidal activity against Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn. To elucidate the biochemical mode of action of the two compounds against R. solani and illustrate the similarities and(More)
This paper describes the recent progress of in vivo biological screening for pesticides in China. According to the criteria, including the severity of damage caused by pests and the economic value of the crops, the investigated insects, pathogens, herbs and other species in the agricultural field were selected as the main screening targets for pesticides.(More)
In order to find novel chitin synthesis inhibitors (CSIs) with good activity, benzoylphenylurea, a typical kind of CSIs, was chosen as the lead compound and 15 novel derivatives containing furan moieties were designed by converting the urea linkage of benzoylphenylureas into a semicarbazide and changing the aniline part into furoyl groups. The title(More)
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is one of the most widely used vegetable in the world, and different pesticides have been extensively used for controlling the insects and disease pathogens of this plant. However, little is known about how the pesticides affect the microbial community in cucumber phyllosphere. This study was the first attempt to assess the impact(More)
A series of novel glycosylthiadiazole derivatives, namely 2-phenylamino-5-glycosyl-1,3,4-thiadiazoles, were designed and synthesized by condensation between sugar aldehydes A/B and substituted thiosemicarbazide C followed by oxidative cyclization by treating with manganese dioxide. The original fungicidal activities results showed that some title compounds(More)
Gummy stem blight (GSB), a common disease of all major cucurbits, is caused by the fungus Didymella bryoniae. It results in serious losses in fruit production, which in cucumber can be up to 80% or more. Because the severity of the disease varies from season to season and also because of the harm to the environment caused by using pesticides to control the(More)
The study on the effects of temperature and humidity on the pathogenicity of Pseudoperonospora cubensis showed that the optimum temperature for the occurrence of cucumber downy mildew was 25-35 degrees C. An alternation of 15/35 degrees C was the most propitious to the infection of Pseudoperonospora cubensis, while the high temperature above 35 degrees C(More)
Inducer can induce new active composition and increase the content of the active composition in the plant. In this paper, we investigated the synthesis and accumulation of phytoalexin in cucumber seedlings which were induced by chemical inducer of the salicylic acid (SA) and physical inducer. Analyzed by experiment of antifungal activity, thin-layer(More)
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