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Glutamate-mediated neurotoxicity and a reduced expression of the excitatory amino acid transporter 2 (EAAT2) have been described in the pathogenesis of several acute and chronic neurological conditions. EAAT2 is the major carrier of glutamate in the mammalian brain. However, the principles of EAAT2 expression regulation are not fully understood. For the(More)
The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Actias selene (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) was determined to be 15,236 bp, including 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and a control region. The arrangement of 13 PCGs was similar to that of other sequenced lepidopterans. The AT skew of the mitogenome of A. selene was slightly(More)
The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Bombyx mori strain Dazao (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) was determined to be 15,653bp, including 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and a A+T-rich region. It has the typical gene organization and order of mitogenomes from lepidopteran insects. The AT skew of this mitogenome was slightly(More)
Small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) usually act as molecular chaperones to prevent proteins from being denatured in extreme conditions. We first report the sHSP21 gene, named as Ap-sHSP21, in the Chinese oak silkworm Antheraea pernyi (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). The full-length cDNA of Ap-sHSP21 is 976 bp, including a 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of 99 bp, a(More)
Rickettsia-like organism (RLO) caused mass mortality of oysters, but little is known about the protective immune response to this microorganism. The present study was undertaken to identify a gene, ompR, encoding an outer membrane protein of rickettsia-like organism from oyster Crassostrea ariakensis. The role of this protein in promoting immune responses(More)
The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Diaphania pyloalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralididae) was determined to be 15,298 bp and has the typical gene organization of mitogenomes from lepidopteran insects. It consists of 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and an A+T-rich region. The A+T content of this mitogenome is 80.83% and(More)
The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Bombyx mori strain H9 (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) is 15,670base pairs (bp) in length, encoding 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and a control region. The nucleotide composition of the genome is highly A+T biased, accounting for 81.31%, with a slightly positive AT skewness (0.059).(More)
The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) was determined (GenBank accession No. KM023645). The length of this mitogenome is 16,014 bp with 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and an A + T-rich region. It presents the typical gene organization and order for completely sequenced(More)
The cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) is a transcription factor that plays important roles in cellular growth, proliferation and survival. Here, we report that a homologue of CREB transcription factor, Ca-CREB, was identified and functionally characterized in oyster, Crassostrea ariakensis. The full-length cDNA consists of 1397bp with an ORF(More)
The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) was determined to be 15,374 bp (GenBank accession No. KF543065), including 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and an A + T-rich region. It has the typical gene organization and order of mitogenomes from lepidopteran insects. The AT skew of(More)