Learn More
Complementary interacting molecules on myelin and axons are required for long-term axon-myelin stability. Their disruption results in axon degeneration, contributing to the pathogenesis of demyelinating diseases. Myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), a minor constituent of central and peripheral nervous system myelin, is a member of the Siglec family of(More)
Genetic engineering of mice has become a major tool in understanding the roles of individual molecules in regeneration of nerves, and will play an increasing role in the future. Mice are in many ways well suited to assessment both of nerve regeneration after axotomy and of collateral sprouting of intact fibers into areas of denervation. However, mouse(More)
Treatments for spinal cord injury may promote new spinal cord synapses. However, the potential for new synapses between descending somatomotor and spinal sympathetic neurons has not been investigated. We studied rats with intact spinal cords and rats after a chronic, bilateral, dorsal spinal hemisection. We identified sympathetically related spinal neurons(More)
BACKGROUND Using a stereologic approach, the density of nerve fibers innervating sweat gland (SG) fragments in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and healthy controls using protein gene product (PGP), tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) was measured to determine which marker best detected differences between the groups.(More)
ConClusion: Endothelial cell-stromal interactions, mediated by SDF-1, play a pivotal role in maintaining ASC niche transcriptional homeostasis and preserving the functional capacity of ASCs. In the absence of SDF-1, ASCs are shunted towards adipogenesis, with reduced proliferative and proangiogenic capacity, impacting their physiological role within the(More)
Sympathetic preganglionic neurons and interneurons are closely apposed (presumably synapsed upon) by corticospinal tract (CST) axons. Sprouting of the thoracic CST rostral to lumbar spinal cord injuries (SCI) substantially increases the incidence of these appositions. To test our hypothesis that these additional synapses would increase CST control of(More)
Sensory and autonomic neuropathy affects the majority of type II diabetic patients. Clinically, autonomic evaluation often focuses on sudomotor function yet this is rarely assessed in animal models. We undertook morphological and functional studies to assess large myelinated and small unmyelinated axons in the db/db type II diabetes mouse model. We observed(More)
We report a novel in vivo mouse model system to study regeneration of injured motor nerve and spatiotemporal pattern of denervation in experimental nerve diseases. The lateral thoracic nerve (LTN), as a pure motor nerve, innervates the cutaneous maximus muscle (CMM) by some of the shortest and the longest motor nerve fibers in the mouse body. Its branches(More)
We compared patterns of intraepidermal nerve fibers and mechanoreceptors from affected and unaffected plantar skin from patients with pachyonychia congenita (PC) and control subjects. Plantar biopsies from 10 genetically confirmed patients with PC (with a mutation in KRT6A) were performed at the ball of the foot (affected skin) and the arch (unaffected) and(More)
THE EFFECTS OF CORTICOSPINAL TRACT STIMULATION ON RENAL SYMPATHETIC NERVE ACTIVITY IN RATS WITH INTACT AND CHRONICALLY LESIONED SPINAL CORDS Baohan Pan 1 Matthew R. Zahner 1 Ewa Kulikowicz 1 Lawrence P. Schramm 2 1 Department of Biomedical Engineering 2 Department of Neuroscience The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205(More)
  • 1