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Recent studies have revealed the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in a variety of basic biological and pathological processes and the association of miRNA signatures with human diseases. Circulating miRNAs have been proposed as sensitive and informative biomarkers for multiple cancers diagnosis. We have previously documented aberrant up-regulation of miR-1(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous noncoding RNAs, about 22 nucleotides in length, that mediate post-transcriptional gene silencing by annealing to inexactly complementary sequences in the 3'-untranslated regions of target mRNAs. Our current understanding of the functions of miRNAs relies mainly on their tissue-specific or developmental stage-dependent(More)
The microRNAs miR-1 and miR-133 are preferentially expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscles and have been shown to regulate differentiation and proliferation of these cells. We report here a novel aspect of cellular function of miR-1 and miR-133 regulation of cardiomyocyte apoptosis. miR-1 and miR-133 produced opposing effects on apoptosis, induced by(More)
The human ether-a-go-go related gene (HERG) encodes K+ channel identified as a molecular target for mutations underlying some forms of the long Q-T syndrome, a lethal cardiac arrhythmia. Recent studies revealed that HERG is abundantly expressed in a variety of tumor cells. Yet, the role of HERG in tumor cells had remained unclear. Here, we show that HERG(More)
BACKGROUND A characteristic of both clinical and experimental atrial fibrillation (AF) is atrial electric remodeling associated with profound reduction of L-type Ca(2+) current and shortening of the action potential duration. The possibility that microRNAs (miRNAs) may be involved in this process has not been tested. Accordingly, we assessed the potential(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy involves a remodeling process of the heart in response to diverse pathological stimuli. Both calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cells pathway and microRNA-133 (miR-133) have been shown to play a critical role in cardiac hypertrophy. It has been recognized that the expression and activity of calcineurin increases and miR-133(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is characterized by electrical remolding with increased risk of arrhythmogenesis. Enhanced abnormal automaticity of ventricular cells contributes critically to hypertrophic arrhythmias. The pacemaker current I(f), carried by the hyperpolarization-activated channels encoded mainly by the HCN2 and HCN4 genes in the heart, plays an(More)
AIMS The present study was designed to decipher molecular mechanisms underlying nicotine's promoting atrial fibrillation (AF) by inducing atrial structural remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS The canine model of AF was successfully established by nicotine administration and rapid pacing. The atrial fibroblasts isolated from healthy dogs were treated with(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive, and high-lethality fibrotic lung disease characterized by excessive fibroblast proliferation, extracellular matrix accumulation, and, ultimately, loss of lung function. Although dysregulation of some microRNAs (miRs) has been shown to play important roles in the pathophysiological processes of(More)
We previously demonstrated that dietary K intake regulates the expression of Src family PTK, which plays an important role in controlling the expression of ROMK1 in plasma membrane (Wei Y, Bloom P, Lin D-H, Gu RM, and Wang WH. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 281: F206-F212, 2001). In the present study, we used the immunofluorescence staining technique to(More)