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Three oat (Avena sativa L.) cultivars have been successfully transformed using an efficient and reproducible in vitro culture system for differentiation of multiple shoots from shoot apical meristems. The transformation was performed using microprojectile bombardment with two plasmids (pBY520 and pAct1-D) containing linked (hva1-bar) and non-linked (gus)(More)
Chinese pine, Pinus tabulaeformis Carr., a species that ranges broadly across northeastern to southwestern China, plays a vital role in the maintenance of the structure and function of these ecosystems. In this study, we examined the genetic diversity of five widespread populations in Shanxi Plateau, the distribution center of Chinese pine, using 15 random(More)
The gene encoding neurotoxin (BmK Mm2) from the scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) at a level of 1.6 mg/L using expression plasmid pExSecI system. SDS-PAGE analysis of the cell lysate confirmed that gene BmK Mm2 was expressed in soluble form and the expressed production was secreted into Luria-Bertani (LB) culture(More)
Chlorotoxin, one of the key toxins in scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus venom, has been shown to bind specifically to glioma cell surface as a specific chloride channel blocker. In this study, a purified, recombinant chlorotoxin-like peptide from the scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch (named rBmK CTa) was characterized by in vivo and in vitro studies. The(More)
Metallothioneins MTT1 and MTT2 from Tetrahymena thermophila have been characterized. The MTT1 contains mainly characteristic Cys-Cys-Cys and Cys-Cys clusters, but MTT2 contains mainly Cys-X-Cys cluster. Cd(16)-MTT1 mainly consists of α-helix and β-turns, in contrast, Cd(11)-MTT2 mainly consists of random coils. Reaction of Cd(16)-MTT1 and Cd(11)-MTT2 with(More)
An insect excitatory toxin from Buthus martensii Karsch (BmK IT) was cloned into the expression vector, pTWIN1, and expressed into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) host cells. The soluble fusion expression of CBD-intein-BmK IT was obtained. The recombinant BmK IT was purified by two anion-exchange chromatography columns and one gel chromatography column.(More)
The polypeptide release factor gene, eRF1, of Blepharisma japonicum (Bj-eRF1) was cloned and sequenced. Its coding region was 1314 base pairs and encodes a protein of 437 amino acids. The cloned gene was expressed in Escherichia coli and the recombinant Bj-eRF1 polypeptide was purified by Ni2+-nitrilotriacetic acid agarose and Superose12 chromatography.(More)
A gene, rBmK Cta, encoding a chlorotoxin-like peptide from the scorpion, Buthus martensii Karsch, was synthesized according to the sequence optimized for codon usage in Escherichia coli and was expressed in E.␣coli BL21 (DE3) using a pExSecI expression system in which the IgG-binding domain-ZZ of protein A is fused to the N-terminal of rBmK CTa. The fusion(More)
MicroRNAs play a key role in carcinogenesis or tumor progression, which negatively and posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression and function as oncogenes or tumor suppressors, as well as regulators of cell cycle, proliferation, apoptosis, migration and other processes. A number of miRNAs are reported be related to the occurrence and development of(More)
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a cellular response mechanism that eliminates aberrant mRNA transcripts and thereby prevents the production of potentially deleterious C-terminally truncated proteins. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-related protein kinase SMG1 is considered to be an essential factor in the NMD pathway. We demonstrate that the(More)