Although histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27Me3) is associated with gene silencing, whether H3K27Me3 demethylation affects transcription and cell differentiation in vivo has remained elusive. To investigate this, we conditionally inactivated the two H3K27Me3 demethylases, Jmjd3 and Utx, in non-dividing intrathymic CD4(+) T-cell precursors. Here we… (More)
Pneumocystis jirovecii is a major cause of life-threatening pneumonia in immunosuppressed patients including transplant recipients and those with HIV/AIDS, yet surprisingly little is known about the biology of this fungal pathogen. Here we report near complete genome assemblies for three Pneumocystis species that infect humans, rats and mice. Pneumocystis… (More)
We have developed and validated an amplification-free method for generating DNA sequencing libraries from very low amounts of input DNA (500 picograms – 20 nanograms) for single-molecule sequencing on the Pacific Biosciences (PacBio) RS II sequencer. The common challenge of high input requirements for single-molecule sequencing is overcome by using a… (More)
A series of α2-3-sialylated β1-3-linked galactosides, including sialyl T-antigens, 3'-sialyl galacto-N-biose, 3'-sialyl lacto-N-biose, and their derivatives containing natural and non-natural sialic acid forms have been synthesized from simple monosaccharides using an efficient sequential two-step multienzyme approach.
The contribution of lipid metabolic pathways to malignancy is poorly understood. Expression of the fatty acyl-CoA synthe-tase ACSVL3 was found to be markedly elevated in clinical malignant glioma specimens but nearly undetectable in normal glia. ACSVL3 levels correlated with the malignant behavior of human glioma cell lines and glioma cells propagated as… (More)