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Determination of the acoustic attenuation and dispersion has important applications in ultrasound tissue characterization and non-destructive material testing. Current signal processing methods Fourier transform of ultrasound signals to get the spectra of amplitude and phase to estimate respectively the attenuation and dispersion of a given medium. These… (More)
This paper introduces the principle and design of an ultrasonic transducer system with auto-alignment mechanism. The proposed system is used for detecting foreign bodies (FBs) in beverage containers. Variation in reflection amplitude is analyzed as a function of the ultrasound beam incident angle to beverage container surface. It is concluded that there… (More)
Making use of symmetry properties and known exact results for the Hubbard Model on bipartite lattice, we show that (1) there is no phase separation for repulsive coupling at low dopings, (2) phase separation and superconductivity co-exist in the ground states for attractive coupling in a range of filling fractions.