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Piribedil ([1-(3,4-methylenedioxybenzyl)-4-(2-pyrimidinyl)piperazine]; S 4200) is a dopamine agonist with equal affinity for D(2)/D(3) dopamine receptors effective in treating Parkinson's disease as monotherapy or as an adjunct to levodopa (L-dopa). However, its ability to prime basal ganglia for the appearance of dyskinesia is unknown. We now report on the(More)
High levels of neuropeptide Y (NPY) are found in basal ganglia where it is co-localised with somatostatin (SOM) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH/d) in a population of striatal GABA containing interneurones. Although alterations occur in the levels of various neuropeptides in basal ganglia in Parkinson's disease (PD), it is(More)
In an effort to establish new candidates with improved analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities and lower ulcerogenic risk, a series of thiazolo[3,2-b]-1,2,4-triazole-5(6H)-one derivatives of ibuprofen were synthesized. All compounds were evaluated for their in vivo anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities in mice. Furthermore, the ulcerogenic risks of(More)
BACKGROUND There is an increased incidence of postoperative renal failure in patients with obstructive jaundice. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of endotoxaemia and nitric oxide in this association. METHODS In bile duct-ligated, sham-operated and control rats, plasma total bilirubin levels, creatinine clearance and plasma endotoxin(More)
The D2/D3 dopamine receptor agonist pramipexole, protects against toxin-induced dopaminergic neuronal destruction but its mechanism of action is unknown. Inflammation following glial cell activation contributes to cell death in Parkinson's disease and we now report on the effects of acute or chronic administration of pramipexole on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)(More)
Twelve new 3-[2-(2- and/or 4-pyridyl)ethyl]benzoxazolinone derivatives have been synthesized by reacting 2- and/or 4-vinylpyridine and appropriate benzoxazolinones. Their chemical structures have been proven by IR, 1H-NMR and elemental analysis. Analgesic activities of these compounds were investigated by a modified Koster and constant temperature hot-plate(More)
This study investigated the effect of propofol on the pulmonary vascular bed of the rat. Propofol (5 x 10(-6) to 5 x 10(-4) M) did not alter the basal perfusion pressure in isolated rat lungs perfused at a constant flow (0.03 mL g body wt-1 min-1) with Krebs-Henseleit solution. When perfusion pressure was elevated by raising the K+ concentration to 30 mM(More)
The protective effect of L-arginine against reactive oxygen species-induced impairment of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation was investigated in isolated ring preparations of rat aorta. The aortic rings were subjected to reactive oxygen species generated by the electrolysis of the bathing solution or incubation with H2O2. Endothelium-dependent relaxation(More)
3-Substituted-1,2,4-triazole-5-thiones are versatile synthetic intermediates for the preparation of several biologically active N-bridged heterocyclic compounds, given that they have two reactive sites, thiocarbonyl and an amine nitrogen (N1/N4). For several years, our interest has focused on the synthesis of novel heterocyclic systems derived from(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that certain heterocyclic compounds derived from 3-substituted-1,2,4-triazole-5-thiones had promising analgesic/anti-inflammatory activities together with low ulcerogenic properties. Therefore, we sought to design and synthesize new derivatives of triazol-5-thiones-fused heterocycles. In the present study, a series of novel(More)
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