Learn More
This study examined the antioxidant responses of Daphnia magna following exposure to different concentrations of the ionic liquid (IL) 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide and the 50% LC(50) concentrations of methylimidazolium bromide ILs with different alkyl-chain lengths. Activities of antioxidant defense enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase,(More)
In the present study, the acute toxicity of 1-Alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide ([Cnmim]Br) on the green algal Scenedesmus obliquus and Chlorella ellipsoidea was determined. The length of alkyl side chain of these imidazolium ionic liquids were C4, C6, C8, C10 and C12. The primary production of S. obliquus was also assessed after they were exposed to 0.01,(More)
Microcystins (MCs) are cyclic heptapeptide toxins and can accumulate in the liver. Cytochrome P450s (CYPs) play an important role in the biotransformation of endogenous substances and xenobiotics in animals. It is unclear if the CYPs are affected by MCs exposure. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of microcystin-LR (MCLR) on cytochrome(More)
Ionic liquids have gained more attention due to their excellent properties in many different scientific fields. However, previous researches indicated that ionic liquids have adverse effects on organisms. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide ([C8mim]Br) on the aquatic plant duckweed (Lemna minor) by(More)
The developmental toxicity of 1-methyl-3-octylimidazolium bromide ([C(8)mim]Br) on Daphnia magna was investigated. The 24 and 48 h LC(50) values for [C(8)mim]Br in D. magna were 1.99 and 0.95 mg/L, respectively. A series of multigenerational toxicity tests were then used to explore [C(8)mim]Br effects in D. magna. [C(8)mim]Br significantly inhibited the(More)
The effects of acute exposure of intraperitoneal injection of aqueous 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide on the antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation of the treated mouse liver were investigated in the present paper. Thirty mice were treated with 17.9 (0.5 median lethal dose, LD(50)) and 35.7 mg/kg (1 LD(50)) of the ionic liquid or saline solution by(More)
Microcystins produced by freshwater cyanobacteria are potent hepatotoxins and can cause animal intoxications and human illnesses. In the present study, the effects of microcystins on the embryonic development of Kunming mice were determined using cell extracts of Microcystis aeruginosa from the Nanwan reservoir, China. Forty-eight pregnant mice were divided(More)
In order to control railway noise pollution in urban areas, the residential district located near the Zhegan railway in Hangzhou urban was taken for example, and some controlling measures were proposed based on the investigation in railway noise impact as well as the planning of the district, the environmental scene and the project devises. The measures(More)
The influence of low-level noise has not been widely noticed. This paper discovered that low-level and low frequency noise (A-weighted equivalent level Leq < 45 dB) causes higher probability of subjective annoyance. The fuzzy mathematic principle was applied to deal with the threshold level of subjective annoyance from noise in this study; there is(More)
Effects of direct sound and one time reflection of railway noise on residential quarter were mainly considered, and model for prediction of attenuation of railway noise in residential quarter was given in the paper. With the given model, the effects of railway noise on residential quarter were analyzed and compared with measure results, it was shown that(More)