Bang-Yeon Hwang

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Compelling evidence supports the notion that the majority of neurodegenerative diseases are associated with microglia-mediated neuroinflammation. Therefore, quelling of microglial activation may lead to neuronal cell survival. The present study investigated the effects of Kamebakaurin (KMBK), a kaurane diterpene isolated from Isodon japonicus HARA(More)
Microglial cells are the resident macrophages and intrinsic arm of the central nervous system innate immune defense. Microglial cells become activated in response to injury, infection, environmental toxins, and other stimuli that threaten neuronal survival. Therefore, regulating microglial activation may have therapeutic benefits that lead to alleviating(More)
Platelet derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB is one of the most potent vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferative factors, and abnormal VSMC proliferation by PDGF-BB plays an important role in the development and progression of cardiovascular problems, including restenosis after coronary angioplasty and atherosclerosis. Previous phytochemical studies on(More)
Cudrania tricuspidata has been proposed to possess anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, and antitumor activities. Although cudraflavone B, isolated from the root bark of C. tricuspidata, has a variety of pharmacological effects, its effects on rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) are unclear. In the present study, cudraflavone B was found to(More)
This experiment was performed to investigate whether obovatol isolated from the leaves of Magnolia obovata has anxiolytic-like effects through GABA-benzodiazepine-receptors Cl(-) channel activation. The anxiolytic-like effects of obovatol in mice were examined using the elevated plus-maze and the automatic hole-board apparatus. Oral administration of(More)
The present study reports a novel liver X receptor (LXR) activator, ethyl 2,4,6-trihydroxybenzoate (ETB), isolated from Celtis biondii. Using a reporter gene assay, time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (TR-FRET), and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis, we showed that ETB directly bound to and stimulated the transcriptional activity of(More)
In a previous study, we reported that ginseng extract has anxiolytic-like effects in the elevated plus-maze model and that the ginseng saponin fraction plays an important role. This experiment was performed to investigate the anxiolytic-like effects of ginsenosides Rb1, Rg1, Rg3-R, and Rg3-S, and the Rg5 and Rk mixture isolated from the ginseng saponin(More)
In order to define the structural requirements of phenylthiourea (PTU), a series of thiourea and thiosemicarbazone analogs were prepared and evaluated as inhibitors of melanogenesis in melanoma B16 cells. The most potent analog was 2-(4-tert-butylbenzylidene)hydrazinecarbothioamide (1u) with an IC(50) value of 2.7 microM in inhibition of melanogenesis. The(More)
The proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) induced by injury to the intima of arteries is an important etiologic factor in vascular proliferative disorders such as atherosclerosis and restenosis. Uncaria rhynchophylla is traditional Chinese herb that has been applied to the treatment of convulsive disorders, such as epilepsy, in China. In the(More)
The effects of catalponol (1) on dopamine biosynthesis and L-DOPA-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells were investigated. Catalponol at concentration ranges of 1-5 microM increased the intracellular levels of dopamine at 12-48 h. Catalponol at concentrations of up to 10 microM did not alter cell viability. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity was enhanced by 1(More)