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The purpose of this study was to determine what contributions are made to the rat full-field electroretinogram (ERG) by ganglion cells (GCs). To that end, the ERG was assessed longitudinally following optic nerve transection (ONTx). Additional studies were conducted using intravitreal injections of pharmacologically active substances. The ERG was recorded(More)
PURPOSE Diet-induced deficiencies in Omega-3 (omega-3) fatty acids are well known to alter photoreceptor function. In this study, the broader functional changes in a diversity of retinal neurons were considered. METHODS Sprague-Dawley dams were fed either omega-3-sufficient (omega-3(+), n = 21) or -deficient (omega-3(-), n = 19) diets 5 weeks before(More)
The contribution of rods and cones to the scotopic electroretinogram (ERG) of small animals is unclear, with a recent report suggesting that the mouse has no cone a-wave. The present study considered the contribution of cones to the ERG of the rat. Dark-adapted Long Evans rats (n = 4) had ERG signals collected following a single flash, which stimulated rods(More)
PURPOSE Diabetes is known to alter retinal function, as measured with the electroretinogram (ERG), which shows a propensity toward inner retinal oscillatory potential (OPs) abnormalities. However, the effect that diabetes has on other ganglion cell-related responses is not known. This study was a systematic evaluation of streptozotocin (STZ)(More)
We assessed the growth of the rat photopic electroretinogram (ERG) during light adaptation and the mechanisms underlying this process. Full field ERG responses were recorded from anesthetized adult Brown-Norway rats at each minute for 20 min of light adaptation (backgrounds: 1.8, 2.1, 2.4 log scotopic cd m(-2)). The rat photopic b-wave amplitude increased(More)
Neuronal dysfunction has been noted very soon after the induction of diabetes by streptozotocin injection in rats. It is not clear from anatomical evidence whether glial cell dysfunction accompanies the well-documented neuronal deficit. Here, we isolate the Müller cell driven slow-P3 component of the full-field electroretinogram and show that it is(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether there is an association between dietary omega-3 (omega-3) fatty acid intake, age, and intraocular pressure (IOP) caused by altered aqueous outflow. METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either omega-3-sufficient (omega-3(+)) or omega-3-deficient (omega-3(-)) diets from conception. The diets had 7% lipid content. The omega-3(+)(More)
The electroretinogram is a widely used objective measure of visual function. The best characterised feature of the full-field dark-adapted flash ERG, is the earliest corneal negativity, the a-wave, which primarily reflects photoreceptoral responses. However, recent studies in humans and primates show that there are post-receptoral contributions to the(More)
PURPOSE To characterize retinal functional consequences of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in a rat model of experimental glaucoma. METHODS Unilateral elevation of IOP was produced by hypertonic saline injection into an episcleral vein in 20 adult male Brown-Norway rats. IOP was measured in both eyes of awake animals four to five times per week. After(More)
PURPOSE To characterize retinal function during a period of acutely elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) across a wide range of IOPs, including those typically observed in animals with experimental glaucoma. METHODS Unilateral elevation of IOP was achieved manometrically in adult Brown Norway rats (nine experimental groups; n=4-7 in each; 10-100 mmHg and(More)