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The purpose of this study was to determine what contributions are made to the rat full-field electroretinogram (ERG) by ganglion cells (GCs). To that end, the ERG was assessed longitudinally following optic nerve transection (ONTx). Additional studies were conducted using intravitreal injections of pharmacologically active substances. The ERG was recorded(More)
PURPOSE To characterize retinal functional consequences of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in a rat model of experimental glaucoma. METHODS Unilateral elevation of IOP was produced by hypertonic saline injection into an episcleral vein in 20 adult male Brown-Norway rats. IOP was measured in both eyes of awake animals four to five times per week. After(More)
This paper considers the recommendation that Oscillatory Potentials (OP) be extracted by filtering in the frequency domain. This recommendation presumes that filtering isolates OPs from other ERG waveforms. However, we show that the leading edge of the a-wave has substantial frequency overlap with the OP spectrum at high intensities and that it contaminates(More)
PURPOSE To characterize retinal function during a period of acutely elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) across a wide range of IOPs, including those typically observed in animals with experimental glaucoma. METHODS Unilateral elevation of IOP was achieved manometrically in adult Brown Norway rats (nine experimental groups; n=4-7 in each; 10-100 mmHg and(More)
Although intraocular pressure (IOP) remains an important risk factor for glaucoma, it is clear that other factors can also influence disease development and progression. More recently, the role that blood pressure (BP) has in the genesis of glaucoma has attracted attention, as it represents a clinically modifiable risk factor and thus provides the potential(More)
PURPOSE To provide proof-of-concept that the extent of intraretinal manganese uptake after systemic MnCl(2) injection, detected with manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI), assesses alterations in intraretinal ion demand in models of ocular insult. METHODS In Sprague-Dawley rats, retinal ion demand and thickness were measured from MEMRI data collected before, 4(More)
We characterised the dynamics in the oscillatory potentials (OPs) of the rat electroretinogram (ERG) using a continuous complex Morlet wavelet transform. Dark-adapted (>12h) full field ERG responses were recorded from five anaesthetized (ketamine:xylazine, 60:5mg/kg) adult Long-Evans rats (10-12weeks). Five responses were obtained for brief LED flashes(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether inner retinal dysfunction in diabetic rats is correlated with structural and/or biochemical changes in the retina and optic nerve. Using the electroretinogram (ERG; -5.83 to 1.28 log cd.s.m(-2)) retinal function (photoreceptor, bipolar, amacrine and ganglion cell components) was measured in control (n=13;(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether there is an association between dietary omega-3 (omega-3) fatty acid intake, age, and intraocular pressure (IOP) caused by altered aqueous outflow. METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either omega-3-sufficient (omega-3(+)) or omega-3-deficient (omega-3(-)) diets from conception. The diets had 7% lipid content. The omega-3(+)(More)
We assessed the growth of the rat photopic electroretinogram (ERG) during light adaptation and the mechanisms underlying this process. Full field ERG responses were recorded from anesthetized adult Brown-Norway rats at each minute for 20 min of light adaptation (backgrounds: 1.8, 2.1, 2.4 log scotopic cd m(-2)). The rat photopic b-wave amplitude increased(More)