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A low voltage, two-level-metal, and multi-layer insulator electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWD) platform is presented. Dispensing 300pl droplets from 140nl closed on-chip reservoirs was accomplished with as little as 11.4V solely through EWD forces, and the actuation threshold voltage was 7.2V with a 1Hz voltage switching rate between electrodes. EWD devices(More)
Advances in digital microfluidics and integrated sensing hold promise for a new generation of droplet-based biochips that can perform multiplexed assays to determine the identity of target molecules. Despite these benefits, defects and erroneous fluidic operations remain a major barrier to the adoption and deployment of these devices. We describe the first(More)
The solution space of many classical optimization problems breaks up into clusters which are extensively distant from one another in the Hamming metric. Here, we show that an analogous quantum clustering phenomenon takes place in the ground state subspace of a certain quantum optimization problem. This involves extending the notion of clustering to Hilbert(More)
The high mortality rate of sepsis has been attributed to delayed pathogen identification. Hence, a fluidic device is being developed to accelerate the procedures from DNA purification to qPCR sequence detection. Demonstrated herein is the key feature the device: the use of EWD droplet actuation to manipulate the eluent generated by an immiscible phase(More)
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