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A bacteria-based microrobot (bacteriobot) was proposed and investigated as a new type of active drug delivery system because of its useful advantages, such as active tumor targeting, bacteria-mediated tumor diagnosis, and therapy. In this study, we fabricated a bacteriobot with enhanced motility by selective attachment of flagellar bacteria (Salmonella(More)
Rapid re-endothelialization of damaged vessel lining efficiently prevents restenosis and thrombosis and restores original vascular functions. In this study, we designed a novel metallic stent with a heparin-modified surface and used different methods, including 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide (EDC) and divinyl sulfone (DVS), to load growth(More)
A systematic review, covering fabrication of nanoscale patterns by laser interference lithography (LIL) and their applications for optical devices is provided. LIL is a patterning method. It is a simple, quick process over a large area without using a mask. LIL is a powerful technique for the definition of large-area, nanometer-scale, periodically patterned(More)
Biocompatibility, sensing, and self-actuation are very important features for a therapeutic biomedical microrobot. As a new concept for tumor theragnosis, this paper proposes a monocyte-based microrobots, which are combining the phagocytosis and engulfment activities containing human acute monocytic leukemia cell line (THP-1) with various sized polystyrene(More)
Electromagnetic-actuated robotic systems have been studied recently for special purposes. Because these systems use external magnetic fields to control their robots, the robots can have simple structures and move with much freedom. In particular, these electromagnetic actuation (EMA) systems are being widely adopted for the actuation of biomedical(More)
Various drug-eluting stents (DESs) have been developed to prevent restenosis after stent implantation. However, DES still needs to improve the drug-in-polymer coating stability and control of drug release for effective clinical treatment. In this study, the cobalt-chromium (CoCr) alloy surface was coated with biodegradable poly(D,L-lactide) (PDLLA) and(More)
Drug-eluting stents (DESs) have been used to treat coronary artery diseases by placing in the arteries. However, current DESs still suffer from polymer coating defects such as delamination and peeling-off that follows stent deployment. Such coating defects could increase the roughness of DES and might act as a source of late or very late thrombosis and(More)
Sirolimus (SRL) release from the biodegradable poly(l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) matrix was investigated for the application of drug-eluting stents (DES). In particular, this study focused on whether various organic solvents affect the interaction between SRL and PLGA and the formation of microstructures during ultrasonic coating. The SRL-loaded PLGA(More)
During the balloon expansion of several commercially available drug-eluting stents, various types of defects in the polymer layer have been observed. The aim of this study is to prevent these defects by increasing the interfacial adhesion between the metal substrate and the drug-in-polymer matrix using poly(caprolactone) (PCL) brushes onto a cobalt-chromium(More)
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