Bancinyane Lynn Sibanda

Learn More
Broken chromosomes arising from DNA double-strand breaks result from endogenous events such as the production of reactive oxygen species during cellular metabolism, as well as from exogenous sources such as ionizing radiation. Left unrepaired or incorrectly repaired they can lead to genomic changes that may result in cell death or cancer. DNA-dependent(More)
A complex of two proteins, Xrcc4 and DNA ligase IV, plays a fundamental role in DNA non-homologous end joining (NHEJ), a cellular function required for double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination. Here we report the crystal structure of human Xrcc4 bound to a polypeptide that corresponds to the DNA ligase IV sequence linking its two BRCA1 C-terminal(More)
The structure of L-aspartate-alpha-decarboxylase from E. coli has been determined at 2.2 A resolution. The enzyme is a tetramer with pseudofour-fold rotational symmetry. The subunits are six-stranded beta-barrels capped by small alpha-helices at each end. The active sites are located between adjacent subunits. The electron density provides evidence for(More)
The recently characterised 299-residue human XLF/Cernunnos protein plays a crucial role in DNA repair by non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) and interacts with the XRCC4-DNA Ligase IV complex. Here, we report the crystal structure of the XLF (1-233) homodimer at 2.3 A resolution, confirming the predicted structural similarity to XRCC4. The XLF coiled-coil,(More)
A systematic technique for protein modelling that is applicable to the design of drugs, peptide vaccines and novel proteins is described. Our approach is knowledge-based, depending on the structures of homologous or analogous proteins and more generally on a relational data base of protein three-dimensional structures. The procedure simultaneously aligns(More)
Impressive progress in genome sequencing, protein expression and high-throughput crystallography and NMR has radically transformed the opportunities to use protein three-dimensional structures to accelerate drug discovery, but the quantity and complexity of the data have ensured a central place for informatics. Structural biology and bioinformatics have(More)
DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) is a central component of nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ), repairing DNA double-strand breaks that would otherwise lead to apoptosis or cancer. We have solved its structure in complex with the C-terminal peptide of Ku80 at 4.3 angstrom resolution using x-ray crystallography. We show that the(More)
Prediction of the tertiary structures of proteins may be carried out using a knowledge-based approach. This depends on identification of analogies in secondary structures, motifs, domains or ligand interactions between a protein to be modelled and those of known three-dimensional structures. Such techniques are of value in prediction of receptor structures(More)
The structural, dynamic and functional aspects of amino and carboxy-terminal regions in proteins of known structure have been analysed. Terminal regions are usually located on the surface of the protein, accessible to solvent, and are often flexible. There is a significant preference for terminal regions in single domain proteins, and within individual(More)