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BACKGROUND Heart failure can result from a variety of causes, including ischemic, hypertensive, toxic, and inflammatory heart disease. However, the cellular mechanisms responsible for the progressive deterioration of myocardial function observed in heart failure remain unclear and may result from apoptosis (programmed cell death). METHODS We examined(More)
We quantitated the presence of intracellular oxidizing species in response to oxidative stimuli using fluorescent cell analytic techniques. The studies were performed with a laser-activated flow cytometry system using 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFDA) as a probe for intracellular oxidation events. Oxygen radical formation was initiated by the(More)
Fibrin is often seen occluding the lung vessels of patients dying from ARDS and is surrounded by regions of lung necrosis. To learn if we could observe increased or focal fibrin deposition and assess the kinetics of plasma fibrinogen turnover during severe acute respiratory failure, we injected technetium 99m-labeled human purified fibrinogen (Tc-HF) and(More)
We performed radionuclide scanning after the intravenous injection of human IgG labeled with indium-111 in 128 patients with suspected focal sites of inflammation. Localization of 111In-labeled IgG correlated with clinical findings in 51 infected patients (21 with abdominal or pelvic infections, 11 with intravascular infections, 7 with pulmonary infections,(More)
The thrombolytic potency and myocardial infarct--sparing potential of recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) were studied in electrocardiographically monitored, open-chest, anesthetized dogs. Localized coronary thrombosis was produced in the left anterior descending artery by endothelial injury and instillation of thrombin and fresh blood.(More)
The less than optimal accumulation of immunoliposome-associated reagents at target sites has often been attributed to the rapid in vivo clearance of immunoliposomes from the blood. In an attempt to overcome the drawback of rapid clearance and use the targeting potential of immunoliposomes, we have prepared long-circulating, 111In-labeled immunoliposomes.(More)
The synthesis and in vivo antigen targeting of a novel iron oxide compound were studied. A monocrystalline iron oxide nanoparticle (MION) was synthesized that contains a small (mean diameter, 2.9 nm +/- 0.9) single crystal core, passes through capillary membranes, and exhibits superparamagnetism. The MION was attached to antimyosin Fab (R11D10) and used for(More)
We have attempted to simplify the procedure for coupling various ligands to distal ends of liposome-grafted polyethylene glycol (PEG) chains and to make it applicable for single-step binding of a large variety of a primary amino group-containing substances, including proteins and small molecules. With this in mind, we have introduced a new amphiphilic PEG(More)
The hallmark of cell death is the development of cell membrane lesions. Such lesions in the myocardium are usually associated with acute myocardial infarction. Minimizing myocardial necrosis by thrombolytic reperfusion therapy constitutes the only major treatment to date. We envisioned a method to seal these membrane lesions using immunoliposomes as a novel(More)