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BACKGROUND Heart failure can result from a variety of causes, including ischemic, hypertensive, toxic, and inflammatory heart disease. However, the cellular mechanisms responsible for the progressive deterioration of myocardial function observed in heart failure remain unclear and may result from apoptosis (programmed cell death). METHODS We examined(More)
The synthesis and in vivo antigen targeting of a novel iron oxide compound were studied. A monocrystalline iron oxide nanoparticle (MION) was synthesized that contains a small (mean diameter, 2.9 nm +/- 0.9) single crystal core, passes through capillary membranes, and exhibits superparamagnetism. The MION was attached to antimyosin Fab (R11D10) and used for(More)
Right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy currently remains the procedure of choice for identifying patients with symptomatic heart failure due to myocarditis from the larger population with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Despite its specificity, the sensitivity of right ventricular biopsy remains uncertain because of the focal or multifocal nature of the(More)
We have attempted to simplify the procedure for coupling various ligands to distal ends of liposome-grafted polyethylene glycol (PEG) chains and to make it applicable for single-step binding of a large variety of a primary amino group-containing substances, including proteins and small molecules. With this in mind, we have introduced a new amphiphilic PEG(More)
The detection of focal sites of inflammation is an integral part of the clinical evaluation of the febrile patient. When anatomically distinct abscesses are present, lesion detection can be accomplished by standard radiographic techniques, particularly in patients with normal anatomy. At the phlegmon stage, however, and in patients who have undergone(More)
Indium-111 monoclonal antimyosin Fab scintigraphy was used to detect myocardial necrosis in 52 of 54 patients (96.3%) with acute myocardial infarction. Infarcts were visualized when coronary arteries were persistently occluded (n = 10), became patent after thrombolysis (n = 33), or became patent after spontaneous reperfusion (n = 7). Posteroinferolateral(More)
We quantitated the presence of intracellular oxidizing species in response to oxidative stimuli using fluorescent cell analytic techniques. The studies were performed with a laser-activated flow cytometry system using 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFDA) as a probe for intracellular oxidation events. Oxygen radical formation was initiated by the(More)
BACKGROUND Similar to other 99mTc-based infarct-avid agents, 99mTc-glucarate localizes in myocardial infarcts. Whether severely ischemic viable myocytes sequester 99mTc-glucarate is uncertain. To assess the infarct specificity, in vitro and in vivo studies were performed. METHODS AND RESULTS H9C2 embryonic rat cardiocytes cultured under normoxia (N) or(More)
In some instances, even the increased resolution that may be afforded in immunoassays by the use of monoclonal antibodies fails to effect resolution among molecules that share many epitopes. An immunoradiometric assay that simultaneously measured two different epitopes on the same molecule was devised to overcome this difficulty in the differentiation(More)
To determine if radiolabeled specific antibodies directed against bacterial antigens could be used to detect sites of infection, gamma camera imaging studies were performed in animals infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Murine monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) directed against Fisher Immunotype 1 Pseudomonas aeruginosa and a nonmicrobial, nonmammalian haptene,(More)