Bambang B. Isbandrio

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the long pentraxin PTX3 in patients with severe leptospirosis and to compare the results with the widely used short pentraxin C-reactive protein and the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-8. METHODS This observational cohort study was carried out in Semarang, Indonesia, where leptospirosis is endemic and mortality is high.(More)
To investigate rickettsioses and leptospirosis among urban residents of Semarang, Indonesia, we tested the blood of 137 patients with fever. Evidence of Rickettsia typhi, the agent of murine typhus, was found in 9 patients. Another 9 patients showed inconclusive serologic results. Thirteen patients received a diagnosis of leptospirosis. No dual infections(More)
We studied the yield of blood and bone marrow (BM) cultures in 145 patients clinically suspected of typhoid fever (TF) in Indonesia. The objectives were to compare the positivity of blood culture using 3 ml versus 10 ml of blood and to examine in how far specific antibiotic treatment for TF interfered with the positivity of BM culture. Blood for culture was(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the involvement of coagulation in bleeding and poor outcome in patients with severe leptospirosis. METHODS In a prospective study, parameters of the coagulation system were measured on admission and during follow-up in 52 consecutive patients with severe leptospirosis. RESULTS All patients showed coagulation disorders, such as(More)
OBJECTIVES Previous studies concluded that haemorrhage is one of the most accurate prognostic factors of mortality in leptospirosis. Therefore, endothelial cell activation was investigated in relation to disease severity in severe leptospirosis. METHODS Prospective cohort study of severe leptospirosis patients. Plasma levels of sE-selectin and Von(More)
Leptospirosis, a spirochaetal zoonotic disease, has been identified as an emerging infectious disease of global importance. Adequate discrimination between severe and non-severe cases of leptospirosis is of great importance. Commonly used biomarkers such as C-reactive protein (CRP) have been proven to be of little value in prompt distinction between severe(More)
BACKGROUND Severe leptospirosis is frequently complicated by a hemorrhagic diathesis, of which the pathogenesis is still largely unknown. Thrombocytopenia is common, but often not to the degree that spontaneous bleeding is expected. We hypothesized that the hemorrhagic complications are not only related to thrombocytopenia, but also to platelet dysfunction,(More)
We report four Indonesian cases meeting the clinical and radiological criteria for community-acquired pneumonia and other findings suggestive of leptospirosis. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) analyses of serum and urine samples and serology confirmed the diagnosis of leptospirosis in each. Results of qPCR analysis of throat swabs were concordant with those obtained(More)
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