Balwant S. Tuana

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We evaluated the effects of intracerebroventricular (icv) infusion of Na(+)-rich artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF), with or without the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) blocker spironolactone, on epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) subunits and regulators, such as MR, serum/glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1, neural precursor cells expressed developmentally(More)
Epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) are important for regulating sodium transport across epithelia. Functional studies indicate that neural mechanisms acting through mineralocorticoid receptors (MR) and sodium channels (presumably ENaC) are crucial to the development of sympathoexcitation and hypertension in experimental models of salt-sensitive hypertension.(More)
The spatial arrangement of the cell-surface membranes (sarcolemma and transverse tubules) and internal membranes of the sarcoplasmic reticulum relative to the myofibril is critical for effective excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling in cardiac myocytes; however, the molecular determinants of this order remain to be defined. Here, we ascribe molecular and(More)
The expression of the dihydropyridine (DHP) and ryanodine receptors in skeletal muscle was investigated during development of rat myotubes in culture as well as during embryonic and postnatal development in the rat. Through the use of specific gene probes, antibodies and radioligand binding ([3H]PN 200-110 (DHP) and [3H]ryanodine), we identified a(More)
Sarcolemmal-membrane-associated proteins (SLMAPs) define a new class of coiled-coil tail-anchored membrane proteins generated by alternative splicing mechanisms. An in vivo expression analysis indicated that SLMAPs are present in somites (11 days post-coitum) as well as in fusing myotubes and reside at the level of the sarcoplasmic reticulum and transverse(More)
The Type 2 diabetic db/db mouse experiences vascular dysfunction typified by changes in the contraction and relaxation profiles of small mesenteric arteries (SMAs). Contractions of SMAs from the db/db mouse to the alpha1-adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine (PE) were significantly enhanced, and acetylcholine (ACh)-induced relaxations were significantly(More)
E2F6 is believed to repress E2F-responsive genes and therefore serve a role in cell cycle regulation. Analysis of the human E2F6 promoter region revealed the presence of two putative E2F binding sites, both of which were found to be functionally critical because deletion or mutations of these sites abolished promoter activity. Ectopic expression of E2F1(More)
BACKGROUND Tail anchored (TA) membrane proteins target subcellular structures via a C-terminal transmembrane domain and serve prominent roles in membrane fusion and vesicle transport. Sarcolemmal Membrane Associated Protein (SLMAP) possesses two alternatively spliced tail anchors (TA1 or TA2) but their specificity of subcellular targeting remains unknown.(More)
RATIONALE The E2F pathway plays a critical role in cardiac growth and development, yet its role in cardiac metabolism remains to be defined. Metabolic changes play important roles in human heart failure and studies imply the ketogenic enzyme β-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase I (BDH1) is a potential biomarker. OBJECTIVE To define the role of the E2F pathway(More)
Overexpression of SLMAP gene has been associated with diabetes and endothelial dysfunction of macro- and micro-blood vessels. In this study our primary objective is to explore the role of SLMAP gene polymorphisms in the susceptibility of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) with or without diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the Qatari population. A total of 342 Qatari subjects(More)
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