Baltazar Gomez-Mancilla

Learn More
BACKGROUND Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is characterized by leg paresthesia associated with an irresistible urge to move. Currently used dopaminergic agents, such as levodopa, pergolide, and bromocriptine, offer incomplete control of sensory and motor symptoms and induce severe side effects. OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and efficacy of pramipexole, a(More)
Fragile X syndrome, the most common form of inherited intellectual disability, is caused by a lack of FMRP, which is the product of the Fmr1 gene. FMRP is an RNA-binding protein and a component of RNA-granules found in the dendrites of neurons. At the synapse, FMRP is involved in regulation of translation of specific target mRNAs upon stimulation of mGluR5(More)
A group of four monkeys was rendered parkinsonian with the toxin MPTP. They were then treated chronically with L-DOPA/benserazide 50/12.5 mg/kg given orally daily for 2 months. This dose produced a striking antiparkinsonian effect, but all animals manifested dyskinesia. A series of agents acting primarily on neurotransmitters other than dopamine were then(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep deprivation (wake therapy) provides rapid clinical relief in many patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Changes in glutamatergic neurotransmission may contribute to the antidepressant response, yet the exact underlying mechanisms are unknown. Metabotropic glutamate receptors of subtype 5 (mGluR5) are importantly involved in(More)
Sustained-release (SR) alprazolam may facilitate compliance with oral benzodiazepine treatment of panic disorders that currently requires doses administered three or four times daily. To compare the pharmacokinetic, psychomotor performance, and subjective effects of alprazolam SR (1.5 mg), bromazepam (3 mg taken three times daily), and lorazepam (1 mg taken(More)
Behavioral investigations of selective and potent metabotropic glutamate receptor type 5 (mGluR5) antagonists in animal models suggest involvement of mGluR5 in compensatory mechanisms of the basal ganglia circuitry in Parkinson's disease and levodopa (L-Dopa) induced motor complications. This study investigated mGluR5 changes in MPTP lesioned monkeys. The(More)
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is considered the leading inherited cause of intellectual disability and autism. In FXS, the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene is silenced and the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) is not expressed, resulting in the characteristic features of the syndrome. Despite recent advances in understanding the(More)
BACKGROUND Almotriptan malate is a novel, selective serotonin(1B/D) agonist, or triptan, developed for the abortive treatment of migraine. In double-blind, placebo-controlled studies, it has been shown to be effective, well tolerated, and safe. OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of almotriptan with that of the "standard triptan,"(More)
Fragile X syndrome is caused by lack of FMR1 protein (FMRP) leading to severe symptoms, including intellectual disability, hyperactivity and autistic-like behaviour. FMRP is an RNA binding protein involved in the regulation of translation of specific target mRNAs upon stimulation of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) at the synapse. The absence of(More)
Disturbances of glutamate-mediated neurotransmission have been implicated in a broad range of nervous system disorders. Numerous attempts to correct nervous system dysfunction by pharmacological intervention at glutamate receptors have been made, and some of the approaches have achieved a high level of preclinical validation. However, in a number of cases(More)