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BACKGROUND Cell transplantation is a 'hype and hope' in the current scenario. It is in the early stage of development with promises to restore function in chronic diseases. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation in stroke patients has shown significant improvement by reducing clinical and functional deficits. They are feasible and multipotent and have(More)
BACKGROUND Nosocomial infections (NIs) in the postoperative period not only increase morbidity and mortality, but also impose a significant economic burden on the health care infrastructure. This retrospective study was undertaken to (a) evaluate the incidence, characteristics, risk factors and outcomes of NIs and (b) identify common microorganisms(More)
Fifty-eight consecutive patients with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, hypoplastic pulmonary arteries with arborization defects, and major aortopulmonary collaterals were entered into a program for staged surgical repair between January 1979 and July 1989. Prerepair preparatory procedures were designed to (1) encourage native pulmonary artery(More)
The reported efficiency of differentiation of human bone marrow derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hBM MSC) into dopaminergic neurons with different inducers is found to vary. Thus, in the current study we have investigated the response of hBM MSC to some of the neuronal inducers and their combinations. Neuronal differentiation inducing agents Fibroblastic(More)
AIMS Left-sided prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT) occurs frequently in developing countries and causes major morbidity and mortality. Fibrinolytic therapy (FT) is most commonly used as treatment, but increases the risk of stroke and bleeding. Urgent surgery may be more efficacious and cause fewer complications. Our aim was to compare the efficacy and safety(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the influence of therapy crossovers on treatment comparisons and mortality at 5 years in patients with ischemic heart disease and heart failure randomly assigned to medical therapy alone (MED) or to MED and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in the Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure (STICH) trial. METHODS AND(More)
Pulmonary hypertension due to delay in presentation, diagnosis, referral, and surgery for septal defects is not uncommon in the developing world and translates into high morbidity and mortality following open heart surgery to close these defects. Leaving a small atrial communication may not always be effective. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES There is a significant bone tissue loss in patients from diseases and traumatic injury. The current autograft transplantation gold standard treatment has drawbacks, namely donor site morbidity and limited supply. The field of tissue engineering has emerged with a goal to provide alternative sources for transplantations to bridge this(More)