Balram Airan

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BACKGROUND Previously, we reported that there was no significant difference at 30 days in the rate of a primary composite outcome of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or new renal failure requiring dialysis between patients who underwent coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) performed with a beating-heart technique (off-pump) and those who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to compare the outcomes after total versus partial pericardiectomy clinically, echocardiographically, and hemodynamically. METHODS Three hundred ninety-five patients undergoing pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis between January 1985 and December 2004 were studied. Age was 10 months to 71 years (mean, 25.1 +/-(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to define the prevalence of specific sequelae after repair of partial atrioventricular septal defect. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 132 consecutive patients undergoing repair of partial atrioventricular septal defect were studied for mortality, left atrioventricular valve function, reoperations, left ventricular outflow tract(More)
BACKGROUND Aneurysms of sinus of Valsalva are rare. Here, we analyze retrospectively patients operated on at our center during the last 20 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred four cases of congential aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva were operated upon between January 1977 and April 1996. Only 12 aneurysms were unruptured. The majority (76.9%) arose from(More)
BACKGROUND Myxomas are the most common benign intracardiac tumors. This report summarizes our 20-year experience with these tumors. METHODS Sixty-six patients (25 male) with a median age of 39 years (range, 6 to 70 years) underwent surgical excision of primary or recurrent intracardiac myxomas during the years 1976 to 1996. Symptom duration ranged from 2(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the pathohistology, morphometry, and risk factors for the development of intimal hyperplasia, calcification, and arteriosclerosis in the radial artery and to compare the morphometry of the distal and proximal radial arteries. METHODS A total of 190 proximal and distal radial artery specimens obtained(More)
BACKGROUND Cell transplantation is a 'hype and hope' in the current scenario. It is in the early stage of development with promises to restore function in chronic diseases. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation in stroke patients has shown significant improvement by reducing clinical and functional deficits. They are feasible and multipotent and have(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to define the prevalence of specific sequelae after extracardiac Fontan operation. METHODS Sixty-five consecutive patients undergoing extracardiac Fontan operation were studied for mortality, Fontan failure, systemic ventricular function, supraventricular arrhythmias, thromboembolism, and growth potential. Age was(More)
Fifty-eight consecutive patients with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, hypoplastic pulmonary arteries with arborization defects, and major aortopulmonary collaterals were entered into a program for staged surgical repair between January 1979 and July 1989. Prerepair preparatory procedures were designed to (1) encourage native pulmonary artery(More)
OBJECTIVES This study estimated the arterial-to-end-tidal carbon dioxide tension difference (deltaPaCO2-PE'CO2) in children with congenital heart disease; evaluated whether hyperventilation can reduce this difference; and analyzed the relationship between the difference and the oxygen saturation (SaO2) and hemoglobin level. DESIGN Prospective clinical(More)