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We report here that cells co-purifying with mesenchymal stem cells--termed here multipotent adult progenitor cells or MAPCs--differentiate, at the single cell level, not only into mesenchymal cells, but also cells with visceral mesoderm, neuroectoderm and endoderm characteristics in vitro. When injected into an early blastocyst, single MAPCs contribute to(More)
This study demonstrates that a CD34(-), vascular endothelial cadherin(-) (VE-cadherin(-)), AC133(+), and fetal liver kinase(+) (Flk1(+)) multipotent adult progenitor cell (MAPC) that copurifies with mesenchymal stem cells from postnatal human bone marrow (BM) is a progenitor for angioblasts. In vitro, MAPCs cultured with VEGF differentiate into CD34(+),(More)
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), characterized by the BCR-ABL gene rearrangement, has been extensively studied. Significant progress has been made in the area of BCR-ABL-mediated intracellular signaling, which has led to a better understanding of BCR-ABL-mediated clinical features in chronic phase CML. Disease progression and blast crisis CML is(More)
Stem cells are defined by their biological function. A stem cell is an undifferentiated cell that self-renews to maintain the stem cell pool and at the single-cell level differentiates into more than one mature, functional cell. In addition, when transplanted, a stem cell should be capable of replacing a damaged organ or tissue for the lifetime of the(More)
We retrospectively analyzed 194 previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients to evaluate the role of Day 14 bone marrow (BM) biopsy in predicting complete remission (CR). Sixty-seven percent received induction therapy. Achieving Day 14 BM < or =5% blasts was strongly predictive of Day 28 CR with 90% sensitivity and 79% positive predictive(More)
The BCR-ABL oncogene is essential to the pathogenesis of chronic myelogenous leukemia, and immune mechanisms play an important role in control of this disease. Understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of chronic myelogenous leukemia has led to the development of several novel therapies, which can be broadly divided into therapies based on 1) inhibition(More)
Fungal infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with hematologic malignancies and recipients of bone-marrow/hematopoietic stem-cell transplants. Although Candida and Aspergillus species remain the most common fungal pathogens, multiple unusual fungal pathogens are being increasingly recognized as a cause of infection in these(More)
LBA6006 Background: HPV+ patients (pts) in E2399 obtained a 2-yr 95% survival and 86% PFS after IC and 70Gy chemoradiation. We hypothesized reduced-dose IMRT (54Gy, 23% reduction) in HPV+ OPSCC pts could maintain high LR control and 85% 2-yr PFS in pts with cCR to IC. METHODS Pts with resectable stage III/IVa,b HPV+ OPSCC received IC q3 weeks x 3 with(More)
Pain is a hallmark feature of sickle cell disease (SCD). Subjects typically quantify pain by themselves, which can be biased by other factors leading to overtreatment or under-treatment. Reliable and accurate quantification of pain, in real time, might enable to provide appropriate levels of analgesic treatment. The mouse grimace scale (MGS), a standardized(More)
BACKGROUND Family history of colon cancer often portends increased risk of disease development; however, the prognostic significance of family history related to disease and survival outcomes is unclear. METHODS To investigate the relationship between family history of colorectal cancer and survival outcomes in stage III colon cancer patients, a(More)