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Cylindrospermopsin is a potent toxicant for eukaryotic cells produced by several cyanobacteria. Recently, primary hepatocyte cultures of Neotropical fish have been established, demonstrating to be a quite efficient in vitro model for cellular toxicology studies. In the current study, a protocol for culture of Prochilodus lineatus hepatocytes was established(More)
This study investigated the effects of different doses of 17-beta-estradiol (E(2)) in Rhamdia quelen. Groups of males exposed to different doses of E(2) (0.1 mg kg(-)(1), 1 mg kg(-)(1) and 10 mg kg(-)(1)) were compared with non-exposed male and female fish groups. Among the considered biomarkers, no significant differences were observed for micronuclei(More)
Five new neoclerodane diterpenoids have been isolated from Scutellaria caerulea: (11S*)-6 alpha-acetoxy-7 beta,11-diisobutiryloxy-1 beta,8 beta-dihydroxy-4(18),13-neoclerodadien-15,16-olide (scuterulein A) (1); (13R*)-1 beta-6 alpha-7 beta-triacetoxy-11 beta-benzoyloxy-8 beta,13-epoxy-4(18)-neocleroden-15,16-olide (scuterulein B) (2); (11S*)-1 beta,6(More)
Antiprotozoal activity-guided fractionation of a methanol extract of the aerial parts of Teloxys graveolens led to the isolation of one coumarinic acid derivative, melilotoside, and five flavonoids, pinocembrine, pinostrobin, chrysin, narcissin and rutin. Among them, melilotoside exhibited the most potent activity toward Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The flowers of Chiranthodendron pentadactylon Larreat. (Sterculiaceae) has been traditionally used as folk medicine in Mexico for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea and dysentery. AIM OF THE STUDY This study aimed to assess the antisecretory activity which supports the therapeutic use of(More)
The volatile fractions from the bark of eight species of Mexican Bursera were obtained using steam distillation and were subjected to tandem GC-MS analysis for identification of the main constituents. The most abundant components of steam volatiles were monoterpenoids from which alpha-terpineol, terpinen-4-ol, alpha-thujene, linalool and limonene were most(More)
From the aerial parts of SALVIA MICROPHYLLA var. NEUREPIA, in addition to beta-sitosterol and ursolic acid, four pimarane-type diterpenoids were isolated. Their structures, 7alpha-hydroxysandaracopimaric acid ( 3), 7alpha-acetoxysandaracopimaric acid ( 1), 14alpha-hydroxyisopimaric acid, and 8(14),15-sandaracopimaradien-7alpha,18-diol were established by(More)
From the roots of some Mexican Salvia species, classified in subgenus Jungia, several diterpenoids belonging to abietane (i.e., 3-7), salvifolane (9-->20,10-->6)-diabeoabietane) (i.e., 2), and totarane (i.e., 10) carbocyclic skeletons were isolated together with two 20-nor- and one 6,7-secoabietane derivatives, 1 and 9, and 8, respectively. While compounds(More)
From the aerial parts of Salvia aspera one new tri-nordammarane named amblyol (1) was isolated besides amblyone (2). An X-ray analysis was performed on compound 1. In addition, three known neoclerodane diterpenoids were also isolated. The structures of these compounds were established by spectral and chemical methods. The presence of dammarane triterpenoids(More)
The leaves of Ageratina cylindrica afforded a thymol derivative that was characterized by physical and spectroscopical methods as (8S)-8,9-epoxy-6-hydroxy-l0-benzoyloxy-7-oxothymol isobutyrate (1). The absolute configuration of 1 was established as 8S by vibrational circular dichroism spectroscopy in combination with density functional theory calculations(More)