Baldine B. Paul

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The anti-inflammatory drug phenylbutazone has been found to inhibit both engulfment and intracellular killing of E. coli by guinea pig peritoneal polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes. The bactericidal activity of leukocytic homogenates was also inhibited by the drug. Addition of the drug at various time intervals to a phagocytic reacting system caused an(More)
The antimicrobial activities of the myeloperoxidase-H(2)O(2)-halide system have received considerable attention recently. The precise mechanism by which this system exerts its lethal activity is presently not clear. In an effort to learn more regarding a possible mechanism of action, the susceptibility of protein-bound amino acids to enzymatic attack by(More)
By mounting a layer of chorioamniotic membrane on a specially designed reaction vessel, we studied the effect of Escherichia coli and/or group B streptococcus growing on the decidual surface of the membranes in tissue culture or bacteriologic medium. The organisms grew equally well in either medium. When growing in tissue culture medium, either organism(More)
The effect of phagocytosis on the H(2)O(2) production and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities of leukocytes from various species was investigated. The intracellular distribution of MPO, reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH) of resting and(More)
Evidence is presented which suggests that the mechanism of action of the myeloperoxidase-H(2)O(2)-Cl(-) antimicrobial system in the phagocyte is by the formation of aldehydes. Aldehyde production resulting from myeloperoxidase-mediated decarboxylation and deamination of alanine was quantitated with 20,000-g granules from guinea pig polymorphonuclear(More)