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We report the identification and characterization of a low tocopherol Arabidopsis thaliana mutant, vitamin E pathway gene5-1 (vte5-1), with seed tocopherol levels reduced to 20% of the wild type. Map-based identification of the responsible mutation identified a G-->A transition, resulting in the introduction of a stop codon in At5g04490, a previously(More)
Tocochromanols (tocopherols and tocotrienols) are important lipid soluble antioxidants and are an essential part of the mammalian diet. Oilseeds are particularly rich in tocochromanols with an average concentration 10-fold higher than other plant tissues. Here we describe a systematic approach to identify rate-limiting reactions in the tocochromanol(More)
Transposition of the maize Suppressor-mutator (Spm) transposon requires two element-encoded proteins, TnpA and TnpD. Although there are multiple TnpA binding sites near each element end, binding of TnpA to DNA is not cooperative, and the binding affinity is not markedly affected by the number of binding sites per DNA fragment. However, intermolecular(More)
S proteins, pistil-specific ribonucleases that cosegregate with S alleles, have previously been shown to control rejection of self-pollen in Petunia inflata and Nicotiana alata, two solanaceous species that display gametophytic self-incompatibility. The ribonuclease activity of S proteins was thought to degrade RNA of self-pollen tubes, resulting in the(More)
Tocochromanols (tocopherols and tocotrienols) are micronutrients with antioxidant properties synthesized by photosynthetic bacteria and plants that play important roles in animal and human nutrition. There is considerable interest in identifying the genes involved in tocochromanol biosynthesis to allow transgenic modification of both tocochromanol levels(More)
We isolated a cDNA clone from a pistil cDNA library of Petunia inflata which encodes a protein, PPT, with sequence similarity to γ-thionins. Characterization of a genomic clone containing a PPT gene revealed the presence of a single intron. Northern analysis revealed that the PPT gene was predominantly expressed in the pistil during all stages of flower(More)
For Petunia inflata and Nicotiana alata, which display gametophytic self-incompatibility, S proteins (the products of the multiallelic S gene in the pistil) have been shown to control the pistil's ability to recognize and reject self-pollen. The biochemical mechanism for rejection of self-pollen by S proteins has been shown to involve their ribonuclease(More)
Plant sterols and their hydrogenated forms, stanols, have attracted much attention because of their benefits to human health in reducing serum and LDL cholesterol levels, with vegetable oil processing being their major source in several food products currently sold. The predominant forms of plant sterol end products are sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol(More)
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