Balasubramanian Saravanan

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AIMS To determine whether current and postpartum maternal depression and low maternal intelligence are risk factors for malnutrition in children. METHODS In rural South India 72 children with malnutrition were identified from a central register; 72 controls were matched for age, gender, and residence. RESULTS Major depression in the postpartum period(More)
Existing evidence indicates that dissonance between patients’ and professionals’ explanatory models affects engagement of patients with psychiatric services in Western and non-Western countries. To assess qualitatively the explanatory models (EMs) of psychosis and their association with clinical variables in a representative sample of first episode patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To delineate concepts, categories, causes of common mental disorders (CMD) and their treatment as understood by traditional healers practicing in rural South India. METHODS Key informant interviews, focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with traditional and faith healers were conducted to identify concepts, causes, presentations and(More)
The assessment of insight is a part of the routine clinical examination for people with mental illness. Such assessment, by psychiatrists, is based on the current definitions of insight, which rely on western notions of health and illness. This paper discusses the recent findings of explanatory models of people with a variety of physical diseases in(More)
We examined the effect of a structured educational programme on explanatory models of illness among the relatives of people with schizophrenia, in a randomised controlled trial. Participants were assessed at baseline (n=100) and after 2 weeks (n=75) using a vignette from the Short Explanatory Model Interview. There was a reduction in non-biomedical causal(More)
BACKGROUND Transcultural studies have found lack of insight to be an almost invariable feature of acute and chronic schizophrenia, but its influence on prognosis is unclear. AIMS To investigate the relationship between insight, psychopathology and outcome of first-episode schizophrenia in Vellore, India. METHOD Patients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of(More)
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is controversial but widely practised in India. We elicited perspectives, using qualitative interviews, from patients who received ECT and their relatives. Ethical issues related to personal autonomy, right to information, competence, informed consent and consent by proxy are discussed. We suggest strategies to ensure a basic(More)
Among a group of patients with schizophrenia, severity of psychopathology was significantly correlated with dimensional measures of awareness of the abnormal experiences whereas a similar relationship with global measures of insight could not be demonstrated. The awareness of the abnormal nature of individual items of psychopathology does not necessarily(More)
BACKGROUND There has been little systematic study from developing countries on the perspectives of patients and their relatives about electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). This study attempted to ascertain the views of patients and their relatives on the possible benefits and adverse effects of ECT. METHOD Qualitative methodology using semistructured(More)
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) forms an integral functional part of stomatognathic system. Position, shape, structure and function of teeth have an influence on the proper functioning and health of TMJ. But a problem associated with TMJ is often neglected, and treatment for it is mostly restricted to palliative therapy. A proper understanding of the(More)