Balasubramanian Sankaran

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P-glycoprotein (Pgp or multidrug-resistance protein) shows drug-stimulated ATPase activity. The catalytic sites are known to be of low affinity and specificity for nucleotides. From the sequence, two nucleotide sites are predicted per Pgp molecule. Using plasma membranes from a multidrug-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cell line, which are highly enriched(More)
The technique of vanadate trapping of nucleotide was used to study catalytic sites of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) in plasma membranes from multidrug-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells. Vanadate trapping of Mg- or Co-8-azido-nucleotide (1 mol/mol of Pgp) caused complete inhibition of Pgp ATPase activity, with reactivation rates at 37 degrees C of 1.4 x 10(-3)(More)
The activity of multifunctional calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM kinase II) has recently been shown to be inhibited by transient global ischemia. To investigate the nature of ischemia-induced inhibition of the enzyme, CaM kinase II was purified to greater than 1,000-fold from brains of control and ischemic gerbils. The characteristics of(More)
ATPase activity of P-glycoprotein (multidrug-resistance protein) was found to be potently inhibited by beryllium fluoride (BeFx) in combination with MgATP, MgADP, or corresponding Mg-8-azido-nucleotides. Inhibition was due to trapping of nucleoside diphosphate at catalytic sites. Full inhibition was achieved on trapping of 1 mol of nucleotide per mol of(More)
Kinetic theory has been successfully applied to mathematically model the constitutive relations for flowing granular materials. However, the basis for kinetic theory is the assumption of binary collisions between particles. Both physical and numerical experiments of granular flows have questioned the validity of this assumption. It is known that when solid(More)
To delineate the specific regions of phospholipase C beta2 (PLC beta2) involved in binding and activation by G protein betagamma subunits, we synthesized peptides corresponding to segments of PLC beta2. Two overlapping peptides corresponding to Asn-564-Lys-583 (N20K) and Glu-574-Lys-593 (E20K) inhibited the activation of PLC beta2 by betagamma subunits(More)
Photoaffinity labeling with [2'-32P]2N3NADP+ and [32P]2N3NAD+ was used to identify two overlapping tryptic and chymotryptic generated peptides within the adenine binding domain of NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH). Photolysis was required for insertion of radiolabel, and prior photolysis of photoprobes before addition of IDH prevented(More)
Calmodulin and ATP affinity and total binding capacity were characterized for CaM kinase II isolated from control and ischemic animals. Ischemic CaM kinase II exhibited equivalent apparent affinity and total binding for calmodulin when compared to control enzyme. However, ischemic CaM kinase II exhibited a significant decrease in apparent affinity for ATP(More)
Fluoroaluminate in combination with nucleotide inhibited ATPase activity of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) in plasma membranes and in pure reconstituted form. Low nucleotide concentrations were effective, e.g., half-maximal inhibition was obtained with 10 microM MgATP. With MgATP or MgADP, reactivation occurred with t1/2 = 7 min at 37 degrees C. With 8-azido-ATP, UV(More)