Balasrinivasa Rao Sajja

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The presence of large number of false lesion classification on segmented brain MR images is a major problem in the accurate determination of lesion volumes in multiple sclerosis (MS) brains. In order to minimize the false lesion classifications, a strategy that combines parametric and nonparametric techniques is developed and implemented. This approach uses(More)
A technique that involves minimal operator intervention was developed and implemented for identification and quantification of black holes on T1-weighted magnetic resonance images (T1 images) in multiple sclerosis (MS). Black holes were segmented on T1 images based on grayscale morphological operations. False classification of black holes was minimized by(More)
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) provides tissue metabolic information in vivo. This article reviews the role of MRS-determined metabolic alterations in lesions, normal-appearing white matter, gray matter, and spinal cord in advancing our knowledge of pathologic changes in multiple sclerosis (MS). In addition, the role of MRS in objectively(More)
Multicenter proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) studies were performed on 58 primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) patients from four centers for investigating the efficacy of glatiramer acetate (GA) treatment. These patients were drawn from 943 subjects who participated in the PROMiSe trial. In these MRSI studies, patients were(More)
Purpose. To develop a technique to automate landmark selection for point-based interpolating transformations for nonlinear medical image registration. Materials and Methods. Interpolating transformations were calculated from homologous point landmarks on the source (image to be transformed) and target (reference image). Point landmarks are placed at regular(More)
An integrated approach for multi-spectral segmentation of MR images is presented. This method is based on the fuzzy c-means (FCM) and includes bias field correction and contextual constraints over spatial intensity distribution and accounts for the non-spherical cluster's shape in the feature space. The bias field is modeled as a linear combination of(More)
Accurate determination of lesion volumes on brain MR images is hampered by the presence of a large number of false positive and negative classifications. A strategy that combines parametric and nonparametric techniques is developed and implemented for minimizing the false classifications. Initially, CSF and lesions are segmented using Parzen window(More)
Accurate quantification of the MRSI-observed regional distribution of metabolites involves relatively long processing times. This is particularly true in dealing with large amount of data that is typically acquired in multi-center clinical studies. To significantly shorten the processing time, an artificial neural network (ANN)-based approach was explored(More)
Progressive human immunodeficiency viral (HIV) infection commonly leads to a constellation of cognitive, motor, and behavioral impairments. These are collectively termed HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). While antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces HAND severity, it does not affect disease prevalence. Despite decades of research, there remain no(More)
We describe age-related molecular and neuronal changes that disrupt mobility or energy balance based on brain region and genetic background. Compared to young mice, aged C57BL/6 mice exhibit marked locomotor (but not energy balance) impairments. In contrast, aged BALB mice exhibit marked energy balance (but not locomotor) impairments. Age-related changes in(More)