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DNA samples from 396 unrelated individuals belonging to 14 ethnic populations of India, inhabiting various geographical locations and occupying various positions in the socio-cultural hierarchy, were analysed in respect of 8 human-specific polymorphic insertion/deletion loci. All loci, except Alu CD4, were found to be highly polymorphic in all populations.(More)
BACKGROUND Pathogenesis and genetic factors influencing predisposition to antituberculosis drug (ATD)-induced hepatotoxicity are not clear. Polymorphism at the genetic locus of a drug and xenobiotic compound metabolizing enzyme, N-acetyltransferase type 2 (NAT2), is reported to be associated with the excess generation of toxic reactive metabolites.(More)
We have determined the nature and extent of variation at 4 STR loci (CSF1P0, TPOX, TH01, VWA) in 8 caste and tribal population groups of eastern and northern India. Large differences in allele frequencies among the groups were found. Average heterozygosities in all populations were high (approximately 80%). The overall extent of gene differentiation among(More)
We estimated the frequencies of GSTM1 and GSTT1 "null" homozygotes in 10 different ethnic populations of India by a genotyping method based on polymerase chain reaction. These populations, inhabiting diverse geographical locations and occupying various positions in the sociocultural hierarchy, were represented by a sample of 299 unrelated individuals.(More)
GSTM1, one of the mu type glutathione-s-transferase isozymes in human, has been observed to be inherited dominantly, and the polymorphism of this gene can be detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In this report we have determined the frequency of a homozygous deletion mutation of the GSTM1 gene in some populations of the Sundergarh District in(More)
High frequencies of haemoglobin (Hb) E were reported earlier from Assam in northeast India. In the present study one of the three populations of the Malda district of West Bengal, called the Deshi, was found to show one of the highest incidences of the Hb E gene (0.61) recorded so far. A founder effect and/or local inbreeding may possibly explain this(More)
Three populations (Poliya, Deshi, and Tiyor) of the Koch ethnic group have been studied for the distribution of three serum protein and four red cell enzyme polymorphisms. There was no significant difference in the allelic frequencies of these systems in the three populations of the Koch ethnic group. The overall gene frequencies were as follows: Hp1, 0.21;(More)
Recent epidemiological data and projections indicate that HIV infection will spread rapidly in India. An allele Delta ccr5 of the beta-chemokine receptor gene CCR5 has been found to confer protection against HIV-1. We find that this protective allele is absent in most ethnic populations of India, except some populations of the northern and western regions(More)
We have examined the patterns of DNA sequence variation in and around the genes coding for ICAM1 and TNF, which play functional and correlated roles in inflammatory processes and immune cell responses, in 12 diverse ethnic groups of India. We aimed to (a) quantify the nature and extent of the variation, and (b) analyse the observed patterns of variation in(More)
Previous studies have reported a high incidence of hemoglobin E (HbE) in Northeast Indian populations. In the present study 10 endogamous populations of Assam belonging to two racial groups, Caucasoid and Mongoloid, were examined. The frequency of HbE gene (Hb beta E) in the Caucasoid caste populations is around 0.1, whereas the gene is highly prevalent in(More)