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A comprehensive statistical model is described for ultrawideband (UWB) propagation channels that is valid for a frequency range from 3-10 GHz. It is based on measurements and simulations in the following environments: residential indoor, office indoor, builtup outdoor, industrial indoor, farm environments, and body area networks. The model is independent of(More)
We present a statistical model for the characterization of ultra-wideband (UWB) channels for the outdoor office environment. The bandwidth is from 3-6 GHz and measurements are done for the line-of-sight (LOS) and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) cases. Small scale effects are modeled by the Saleh-Valenzuela (S-V) model with modifications on the ray arrival times(More)
—Ultrawideband (UWB) technology is characterized by transmitting extremely short duration radio impulses. To improve its multiple-access capability, the UWB technology can be combined with traditional spread-spectrum techniques. This paper demonstrates the influence of spatial and temporal diversities on the performance of direct-sequence (DS) UWB(More)
—In this letter, the influence of temporal and spatial diversities on the performance of ultra-wideband time-hopping pulse-position modulated multiple-access impulse radio (IR) systems is analyzed. We investigate how an antenna array can be used at the receiver to improve the bit-error rate (BER) performance and can cope with the effects of multiple-access(More)
1 Abstract In this paper, we develop novel Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling methodology for Bayesian Cointegrated Vector Auto Regression (CVAR) models. Here we focus on two novel extensions to the sampling methodology for the CVAR posterior distribution. The first extension we develop replaces the popular sampling methodology of the griddy Gibbs sampler(More)
Handwritten character recognition is always a frontier area of research in the field of pattern recognition and image processing and there is a large demand for OCR on hand written documents. Even though, sufficient studies have performed in foreign scripts like Chinese, Japanese and Arabic characters, only a very few work can be traced for handwritten(More)