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Five single-point aquaporin-2 (AQP2) mutations that cause non-X-linked nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) were characterized to establish the cellular defect and to develop therapeutic strategies. In Xenopus oocytes expressing AQP2 cRNAs, single-channel water permeabilities of mutants L22V, T126M, and A147T were similar to that of wild-type AQP2, whereas(More)
UNLABELLED A recently developed camera system for high-speed SPECT (HS-SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging shows excellent correlation with conventional SPECT. Our goal was to test the diagnostic accuracy of an automated quantification of combined upright and supine myocardial SPECT for detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) (≥ 70% luminal diameter(More)
This review summarizes recent progress in water-transporting mechanisms across cell membranes. Modern biophysical concepts of water transport and new measurement strategies are evaluated. A family of water-transporting proteins (water channels, aquaporins) has been identified, consisting of small hydrophobic proteins expressed widely in epithelial and(More)
A cDNA has been isolated from human hippocampus that appears to encode a novel Na(+)-dependent, Cl(-)-independent, neutral amino acid transporter. The putative protein, designated SATT, is 529 amino acids long and exhibits significant amino acid sequence identity (39-44%) with mammalian L-glutamate transporters. Expression of SATT cDNA in HeLa cells induced(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to evaluate whether pericardial fat has value in predicting the risk of future adverse cardiovascular outcomes. BACKGROUND Pericardial fat volume (PFV) and thoracic fat volume (TFV) can be routinely measured from noncontrast computed tomography (NCT) performed for calculating coronary calcium score (CCS) and may predict major adverse(More)
INTRODUCTION Pericardial fat is emerging as an important parameter for cardiovascular risk stratification. We extended previously developed quantitation of thoracic fat volume (TFV) from non-contrast coronary calcium (CC) CT scans to also quantify pericardial fat volume (PFV) and investigated the associations of PFV and TFV with CC and the Metabolic(More)
We reported that several aquaporin-2 (AQP2) point mutants that cause nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) are retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of transfected mammalian cells and degraded but can be rescued by chemical chaperones to function as plasma membrane water channels (Tamarappoo, B. K., and Verkman, A. S. (1998) J. Clin. Invest. 101,(More)
OBJECTIVES Our purpose was to describe a novel, rapid stress thallium-201 (Tl-201)/rest technetium-99m (Tc-99m) agent myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) protocol (Tl/Tc) with a high-speed MPI scanner and to compare this protocol with a standard rest/stress Tc-99m agent protocol (Tc/Tc) with respect to image quality and radiation dosimetry. BACKGROUND(More)
In mammalian cells, the basal Na+-dependent uptake for many of the neutral amino acids is mediated by a transport activity designated System ASC. A cloned human brain cDNA sequence, ASCT1, encodes a Na+-dependent neutral amino acid transport activity that exhibits a substrate specificity similar to that commonly associated with System ASC. However, the(More)
Epicardial fat is a metabolically active fat depot that is strongly associated with obesity, metabolic syndrome, and coronary artery disease (CAD). The relation of epicardial fat to diastolic function is unknown. We sought to (1) understand the relation of epicardial fat volume (EFV) to diastolic function and (2) understand the role of EFV in relation to(More)