Balaji M Rao

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Transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) family members regulate many developmental and pathological events through Smad transcriptional modulators. How nuclear accumulation of Smad is coupled to the transcriptional machinery is poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that in response to TGFbeta stimulation the transcriptional regulator TAZ binds(More)
Complexity in the spatial organization of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) cultures creates heterogeneous microenvironments (niches) that influence hESC fate. This study demonstrates that the rate and trajectory of hESC differentiation can be controlled by engineering hESC niche properties. Niche size and composition regulate the balance between(More)
We have engineered pH sensitive binding proteins for the Fc portion of human immunoglobulin G (hIgG) (hFc) using two different strategies - histidine scanning and random mutagenesis. We obtained an hFc-binding protein, Sso7d-hFc, through mutagenesis of the Sso7d protein from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus; Sso7d-hFc was isolated from(More)
We have shown that highly stable binding proteins for a wide spectrum of targets can be generated through mutagenesis of the Sso7d protein from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus. Sso7d is a small (~7 kDa, 63 amino acids) DNA-binding protein that lacks cysteine residues and has a melting temperature of nearly 100 °C. We generated a(More)
Numerous experimental strategies exist for relative protein quantification, one of the primary objectives of mass spectrometry based proteomics analysis. These strategies mostly involve the incorporation of a stable isotope label via either metabolic incorporation in cell or tissue culture (¹⁵N/¹⁴N metabolic labeling, stable isotope labeling by amino acids(More)
We present a simple method for attaching silver nanoparticles to polypropylene (PP) fibers in a two-step process to impart antibacterial properties. Specifically, PP fibers are pretreated by the adsorption from an aqueous solution of heat-denatured lysozyme (LYS) followed by LYS cross-linking using glutaraldehyde and sodium borohydride. At neutral pH, the(More)
Immunoaffinity separation of large multivalent species such as viruses is limited by the stringent elution conditions necessary to overcome their strong and highly avid interaction with immobilized affinity ligands on the capture surface. Here we present an alternate strategy that harnesses the avidity effect to overcome this limitation. Red clover necrotic(More)
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are culture-adapted pluripotent cells derived from the inner cell mass of the blastocyst-stage embryo. ESCs provide unique opportunities to study the molecular basis of the process of differentiation that gives rise to all the somatic cell types of the body, including cells of the cardiac lineages. Many protocols have been(More)
Cyclic peptides are attractive candidates for synthetic affinity ligands due to their favorable properties, such as resistance to proteolysis, and higher affinity and specificity relative to linear peptides. Here we describe the discovery, synthesis and characterization of novel cyclic peptide affinity ligands that bind the Fc portion of human(More)