Balachandra S. Ankad

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Trichoscopy enables visualization of subsurface structures and color patterns of scalp and hair. Recently, its applications expanded to diagnose inflammatory conditions such as lichen planopilaris (LPP), scalp psoriasis, and discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE). Clinically, both LPP and DLE appear similar as cicatricial alopecia on the scalp making the(More)
INTRODUCTION Trichotillomania (TTM) is characterized by patchy alopecia of hair bearing areas. This is because of compulsive urge to pull the hair. Scalp is the most common site for pulling hair. Usually, patients may have only small areas of baldness, in severe forms, tonsure pattern of baldness is observed. Diagnosis is by history and clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Depigmented skin lesions are of great concern in the society, especially in the Indian subcontinent. These comprise many infective and inflammatory conditions that cause apprehension and anxiety among patients due to the social stigma attached to these conditions. Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis (IGH) appears similar to many depigmented lesions(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertrophic lichen planus (HLP) classically involves shin and ankles and is characterized by hyperkeratotic plaques and nodules. Prurigo nodularis (PN) is a chronic neurodermatitis that presents with intensely pruritic nodules. Histopathology of HLP and PN demonstrate epidermal hyperplasia, hypergranulosis, and compact hyperkeratosis. The dermis(More)
Trichoscopy being an in vivo technique aids in magnification of cutaneous structures with appropriate pattern and color. A female presented with erythematous tumor on scalp. Histopathology showed features of eccrine spiradenoma. Authors evaluated trichoscopic patterns in eccrine spiradenoma. It demonstrated specific trichoscopic pattern in the form of(More)
BACKGROUND Pityriasis lichenoides is an uncommon skin disease that presents in three different forms: pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA), pityriasis lichenoides chronica (PLC) and febrile ulceronecrotic-Mucha-Habermann disease. These represent a spectrum of a disease. PLEVA presents as skin eruption of multiple, small, red papules that(More)
CRP was first described in 1927 by Gougerot and Carteaud and it occurs predominantly in young adults and teenagers, affecting the neck, upper trunk and axillae with cosmetically displeasing appearance. Recognition of CRP is usually difficult by clinicians, including dermatologist as it frequently appears as pityriasis versicolor or acanthosis nigricans(More)
Objective: Alopecia areata (AA) is a common, chronic disorder presents as patchy loss of hair on the scalp, beard area, eyebrows and other parts of body. Trichoscopy, dermoscopy of hair, is a non-invasive diagnostic tool which helps in visualization of subsurface features. Diagnosis of AA is easy, however, diffuse alopecia, alopecia on the eyebrows,(More)