Balabhaskar Prabhakarpandian

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Current techniques for mimicking the Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB) largely use incubation chambers (Transwell) separated with a filter and matrix coating to represent and to study barrier permeability. These devices have several critical shortcomings: (a) they do not reproduce critical microenvironmental parameters, primarily anatomical size or hemodynamic(More)
Development of novel carriers and optimization of their design parameters has led to significant advances in the field of targeted drug delivery. Since carrier shape has recently been recognized as an important design parameter for drug delivery, we sought to investigate how carrier shape influences their flow in the vasculature and their ability to target(More)
This paper presents a continuous-flow microfluidic device for sorting stem cells and their differentiation progenies. The principle of the device is based on the accumulation of multiple dielectrophoresis (DEP) forces to deflect cells laterally in conjunction with the alternating on/off electric field to manipulate the cell trajectories. The microfluidic(More)
OBJECTIVE Upregulation of adhesion molecules on endothelial cells following irradiation has been shown, but the functional significance of this upregulation in various endothelial cell lines is not clear. We have developed an in vitro flow model to study the functional consequences of the radiation-induced upregulation of E-selectin and intercellular(More)
Leukocyte-endothelial interactions play central roles in many pathological conditions. However, the in vivo mechanisms responsible for nonuniform spatial distribution of adhering leukocytes to endothelial cells in microvascular networks are not clear. We used a combination of in vitro and in vivo methodologies to explain of this complex phenomenon. A mouse(More)
This paper presents a microfluidic electrical impedance flow cytometer (FC) for identifying the differentiation state of single stem cells. This device is comprised of a novel dual micropore design, which not only enhances the processing throughput, but also allows the associated electrodes to be used as a reference for one another. A signal processing(More)
Vascular endothelium offers a variety of therapeutic targets for the treatment of cancer, cardiovascular diseases, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Significant research has been focused on developing agents to target the endothelium in diseased tissues. This includes identification of antibodies against adhesion molecules and neovascular expression(More)
We have developed a methodology to study particle adhesion in the microvascular environment using microfluidic, image-derived microvascular networks on a chip accompanied by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis of fluid flow and particle adhesion. Microfluidic networks, obtained from digitization of in vivo microvascular topology were prototyped(More)
Existing microfluidic devices, e.g. parallel plate flow chambers, do not accurately depict the geometry of microvascular networks in vivo. We have developed a synthetic microvascular network (SMN) on a polydimethalsiloxane (PDMS) chip that can serve as an in vitro model of the bifurcations, tortuosities, and cross-sectional changes found in microvascular(More)
Cell-fluid and cell-cell interactions are critical components of many physiological and pathological conditions in the microvasculature. Similarly, particle-cell interactions play an important role in targeted delivery of therapeutics to tissue. Development of in vitro fluidic devices to mimic these microcirculatory processes has been a critical step(More)