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The regulatory responses elicited in lymphoid cells suspended in anisotonic media are reviewed. The immediate response approximates osmometric behavior. In addition, in hypotonic media, the initial osmometric swelling is followed by a regulatory volume decrease (RVD), which is associated with KCl loss. The volume-induced effluxes of K+ and Cl- are mediated(More)
ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) transporters form a special family of membrane proteins, characterized by homologous ATP-binding, and large, multispanning transmembrane domains. Several members of this family are primary active transporters, which significantly modulate the absorption, metabolism, cellular effectivity and toxicity of pharmacological agents. This(More)
The multidrug resistance proteins MRP2 (ABCC2) and MRP3 (ABCC3) are key primary active transporters involved in anionic conjugate and drug extrusion from the human liver. The major physiological role of MRP2 is to transport conjugated metabolites into the bile canaliculus, whereas MRP3 is localized in the basolateral membrane of the hepatocytes and(More)
In this report we show that NIH-3T3 mouse fibroblasts stably expressing the human multidrug transporter (MDR1 or P-glycoprotein), in contrast to the control NIH-3T3 cells, actively extrude the hydrophobic acetoxymethyl ester (AM) derivatives used for cellular loading of various fluorescent calcium and pH indicators. This dye extrusion is blocked by(More)
The human multidrug resistance protein MRP1 and its homolog, MRP2, are both suggested as being involved in cancer drug resistance and the transport of organic anions. We expressed MRP1 and MRP2 in Spodoptera frugiperda ovarian cells and compared their ATP-dependent transport properties and vanadate-sensitive ATPase activities in isolated membrane vesicles.(More)
This paper describes the kinetics and stoichiometry of a tightly coupled Na-Li exchange transport system in human red cells. The system is inhibited by phloretin and furosemide but not by ouabain. Li influx by this system increases and saturates with increasing concentrations of external Li and internal Na and is inhibited competitively by external Na.(More)
Our studies demonstrate that the ABC transporter and marker of stem and progenitor cells known as the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP or ABCG2) confers a strong survival advantage under hypoxic conditions. We show that, under hypoxia, progenitor cells from Bcrp(-)/(-)mice have a reduced ability to form colonies as compared with progenitor cells from(More)
Acetoxymethyl ester (AM) derivatives of various fluorescent indicators (fura-2, fluo-3, indo-1, BCECF, calcein) are actively extruded by the multidrug transporter (MDR1, P-glycoprotein-Homolya, L. et al. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 21493-21496). In the present paper we show that the measurement of the accumulation of a fluorescent cell viability marker,(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analyses of the ABCG2 gene have revealed three nonsynonymous SNPs resulting in the amino acid changes at V12M, Q141K and D620N. To determine whether the SNPs have an effect on drug transport, human embryonic kidney cells (HEK-293) were stably transfected with full length ABCG2 coding wild-type or SNP variants of ABCG2.(More)
ABCG2 (also called MXR (3), BCRP (4), or ABCP (5) is a recently-identified ABC half-transporter, which causes multidrug resistance in cancer. Here we report that the expression of the ABCG2 protein in Sf9 insect cells resulted in a high-capacity, vanadate-sensitive ATPase activity in isolated membrane preparations. ABCG2 was expressed underglycosylated, and(More)