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ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) transporters form a special family of membrane proteins, characterized by homologous ATP-binding, and large, multispanning transmembrane domains. Several members of this family are primary active transporters, which significantly modulate the absorption, metabolism, cellular effectivity and toxicity of pharmacological agents. This(More)
The regulatory responses elicited in lymphoid cells suspended in anisotonic media are reviewed. The immediate response approximates osmometric behavior. In addition, in hypotonic media, the initial osmometric swelling is followed by a regulatory volume decrease (RVD), which is associated with KCl loss. The volume-induced effluxes of K+ and Cl- are mediated(More)
Our studies demonstrate that the ABC transporter and marker of stem and progenitor cells known as the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP or ABCG2) confers a strong survival advantage under hypoxic conditions. We show that, under hypoxia, progenitor cells from Bcrp(-)/(-)mice have a reduced ability to form colonies as compared with progenitor cells from(More)
In this report we show that NIH-3T3 mouse fibroblasts stably expressing the human multidrug transporter (MDR1 or P-glycoprotein), in contrast to the control NIH-3T3 cells, actively extrude the hydrophobic acetoxymethyl ester (AM) derivatives used for cellular loading of various fluorescent calcium and pH indicators. This dye extrusion is blocked by(More)
The human multidrug resistance protein MRP1 and its homolog, MRP2, are both suggested as being involved in cancer drug resistance and the transport of organic anions. We expressed MRP1 and MRP2 in Spodoptera frugiperda ovarian cells and compared their ATP-dependent transport properties and vanadate-sensitive ATPase activities in isolated membrane vesicles.(More)
Acetoxymethyl ester (AM) derivatives of various fluorescent indicators (fura-2, fluo-3, indo-1, BCECF, calcein) are actively extruded by the multidrug transporter (MDR1, P-glycoprotein-Homolya, L. et al. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 21493-21496). In the present paper we show that the measurement of the accumulation of a fluorescent cell viability marker,(More)
Drug-resistant tumor cells actively extrude a variety of chemotherapeutic agents by the action of the multi-drug resistance (MDR1) gene product, the plasma membrane P-glycoprotein. In this report we show that the expression of the human MDR1 gene in cultured Sf9 insect cells via a baculovirus vector generates a high activity vanadate-sensitive membrane(More)
A group of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, including the yeast cadmium transporter (YCF1), the mammalian multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), the multispecific organic anion transporter and its congener (MOAT and EBCR), as well as the sulfonylurea receptor (SUR), group into a subfamily by sequence comparison. We suggest that these(More)
The multidrug resistance proteins MRP2 (ABCC2) and MRP3 (ABCC3) are key primary active transporters involved in anionic conjugate and drug extrusion from the human liver. The major physiological role of MRP2 is to transport conjugated metabolites into the bile canaliculus, whereas MRP3 is localized in the basolateral membrane of the hepatocytes and(More)
In this review, we summarize the currently available information on the membrane topology of some key members of the human ABC protein subfamilies, and present the predicted domain arrangements. In the lack of high-resolution structures for eukaryotic ABC transporters this topology is based only on prediction algorithms and biochemical data for the location(More)