Balázs Lendvai

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Do changes in neuronal structure underlie cortical plasticity? Here we used time-lapse two-photon microscopy of pyramidal neurons in layer 2/3 of developing rat barrel cortex to image the structural dynamics of dendritic spines and filopodia. We found that these protrusions were highly motile: spines and filopodia appeared, disappeared or changed shape over(More)
Although interactions between backpropagating action potentials and synaptic stimulations have been extensively studied in pyramidal neurons, dendritic propagation and the summation of these signals in interneurons are not nearly as well known. In this study, two-photon imaging was used to explore the basic properties of dendritic calcium signaling in CA1(More)
Classical synaptic functions are important and suitable to relatively fast and discretely localized processes, but the nonclassical receptorial functions may be providing revolutionary possibilities for dealing at the cellular level with many of the more interesting and seemingly intractable features of neural and cerebral activities. Although different(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) belong to a family of ligand-gated channels closely related to but distinct from the muscle nAChRs. Recent progress in neurochemical and pharmacological methods supports the hypothesis of presynaptically located nAChRs on axon terminals and indicates that the major effect of nAChR is the modulation rather(More)
The precise role of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in central cognitive processes still remains incompletely understood almost 150 years after its initial discovery. Central nAChRs are activated by acetylcholine, which functions in the extracellular space as a nonsynaptic messenger. Recently, a novel concept in the nAChR mode of operation has(More)
Barth AM, Vizi ES, Zelles T, Lendvai B. 2-Adrenergic receptors modify dendritic spike generation via HCN channels in the prefrontal cortex. J Neurophysiol 99: 394–401, 2008. First published November 14, 2007; doi:10.1152/jn.00943.2007. Although dendritic spikes are generally thought to be restricted to the distal apical dendrite, we know very little about(More)
This review attempts to organize the different aspects of nicotinic transmission in the context of nonsynaptic interactions. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) dominantly operate in the nonsynaptic mode in the central nervous system despite their ligand-gated ion-channel nature, which would otherwise be better suited for fast synaptic transmission.(More)
Although dendritic spikes are generally thought to be restricted to the distal apical dendrite, we know very little about the possible modulatory mechanisms that set the spatial limits of dendritic spikes. Our experiments demonstrated that high-frequency trains of backpropagating action potentials avoided filtering in the apical dendrite and initiated(More)
The prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss is increasing worldwide, mainly due to ageing, increased noise exposure and cardiovascular risk factors. Several papers dealt with the mechanisms underlying the primary causes of impaired hearing and eventual deafness, including the damage and loss of auditory hair cells; however, very little is known about the(More)
To detect subtle changes in neuronal morphology in response to changes in experience, one must image neurons at high resolution in vivo over time scales of minutes to days. We accomplished this by infecting postmitotic neurons in rat and mouse barrel cortex with a Sindbis virus carrying the gene for enhanced green fluorescent protein. Visualized with(More)