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The ultrastructural morphology of the eosinophil was studied in specimens of peripheral blood from normal adult camels and those with eosinophilia. Specific granules were extremely polymorphic. The specific granules exhibited the basic structure of an electron-dense crystalloid core surrounded by a lighter, homogeneous matrix. The crystalloid cores were(More)
Suppression of egg production is the main parasitological manifestation of naturally acquired resistance to Schistosoma bovis in Sudanese cattle. In preliminary investigations on the mechanisms involved, 700-4,000 "suppressed" adult worms were surgically transplanted from six "resistant" donor cattle with very low fecal egg counts (0-8 eggs/g, epg) into six(More)
Thirty-five complete oestrous cycles were studied in five nonpregnant camels (Camelus dromedarius) over a period of 15 months. The oestrous cycle did not have a luteal phase. During the cycle of 28 days the ovarian activity was strictly follicular. Follicles matured in six days, maintained their size for 13 days and regressed in eight days. Ovulation was(More)
Acute bile-trypsin pancreatitis was induced in two groups of six dogs each. One group was given supportive treatment only; the second group was treated with irradiation of the pancreas (400 rad). A third group of six dogs was irradiated, but pancreatitis was not induced. A 13-fold increase in survival time was observed in the dogs with pancreatitis which(More)
To analyze the distribution of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)-seropositive dromedary camels in eastern Africa, we tested 189 archived serum samples accumulated during the past 30 years. We identified MERS-CoV neutralizing antibodies in 81.0% of samples from the main camel-exporting countries, Sudan and Somalia, suggesting long-term(More)
Donkeys were experimentally infected with Sarcoptes scabiei from goats, proving that this mite is not completely host specific. The lesions produced on the donkeys were characterized by extensive areas of alopecia, covered with thin crusts and bran-like scales. The skin had many excoriations but showed no cracks or fissures. Skin scrapings from the(More)
The four human coronaviruses (HCoVs) are globally endemic respiratory pathogens. The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus (CoV) is an emerging CoV with a known zoonotic source in dromedary camels. Little is known about the origins of endemic HCoVs. Studying these viruses' evolutionary history could provide important insight into CoV(More)
A new hepatitis E virus (HEV-7) was recently found in dromedaries and 1 human from the United Arab Emirates. We screened 2,438 dromedary samples from Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates, and 4 African countries. HEV-7 is long established, diversified and geographically widespread. Dromedaries may constitute a neglected source of zoonotic HEV infections.