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A method was developed using a Loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay (LAMP) for detecting Didymella bryoniae in cucurbit seeds. The LAMP primers were designed based on the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase II RPB140 gene (RPB2) from D. bryoniae. Calcein was used as an indicator for the endpoint visual detection of DNA amplification. The LAMP assay was(More)
Monoclonal antibodies against lead were generated by immunizing BALB/c mice with lead conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) via a bifunctional chelator, S-2-(4-aminobenzyl)diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA). Stable hybridoma cell lines were produced by fusion of murine splenocytes and SP2/0 myeloma cells. One of the hybridomas generated from(More)
Here, three different suicide vectors were evaluated for the possibility of performing gene mutagenesis in strain OH11 using the chiA gene (accession number: DQ888611) as a new reporter. Suicide vector pEX18GM was selected, and it was successfully applied for disruption and in-frame deletions in the chiA gene in strain OH11, which was confirmed by PCR(More)
Quorum sensing (QS) in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (Xoc), the causal agent of bacterial leaf streak, is mediated by the diffusible signal factor (DSF). DSF-mediating QS has been shown to control virulence and a set of virulence-related functions; however, the expression profiles and functions of extracellular proteins controlled by DSF signal remain(More)
Lysobacter enzymogenes is a ubiquitous environmental bacterium that is emerging as a potentially novel biological control agent and a new source of bioactive secondary metabolites, such as the heat-stable antifungal factor (HSAF) and photoprotective polyene pigments. Thus far, the regulatory mechanism(s) for biosynthesis of these bioactive secondary(More)
Polyketides and nonribosomal peptides represent two large families of natural products (NPs) with diverse structures and important functions. They are synthesized by polyketide synthase (PKS) and nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS), respectively. Lysobacter enzymogenes is emerging as a novel biocontrol agent against pathogens of crop plants and a new(More)
Five haptens with different spacer-arm attachment sites on the structure of the organophosphorus insecticide fenthion were designed and synthesized. All of the haptens were conjugated with ovalbumin (OVA) for the coating antigen, and three haptens containing all or most of the structure of fenthion were conjugated with bovine serum albumin (BSA) for the(More)
Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae causes bacterial leaf blight, one of the most widespread and destructive bacterial diseases in rice. In order to understand the gene of zinc uptake regulator (zur) involved in virulence of the pathogen in rice, we generated a mutant OSZRM by homologous suicide plasmid integration. The mutant failed to grow in NYGB medium(More)
Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae causes bacterial leaf blight, one of the most widespread and destructive bacterial diseases in rice. This study identified and characterized the contribution of the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway to motility, chemotaxis, extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) production and virulence in X. oryzae pv. oryzae strain PXO99.(More)
Erwinia amylovora causes fire blight of apple, pear, and other members of the Rosaceae family. The enzyme LuxS catalyzes the last step in the production of autoinducer-2 (AI-2), a molecule implicated with quorum sensing in many bacterial species. It is now well recognized that LuxS also plays a central role in sulfur metabolism and in the activated methyl(More)