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The effects of sorafenib in the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have been confirmed in an international collaborative phase III trial. This study aims to confirm similar efficacy and treatment-induced toxicities of sorafenib in the treatment of metastatic RCC in ethnic Chinese patients. Ninety-eight consecutive and non-selected patients(More)
von Hippel–Lindau (VHL) disease is a hereditary cancer syndrome caused by germline mutations in the VHL gene. To date, more than 500 VHL families have been reported worldwide. However, few information is available about VHL germline mutations in mainland Chinese families. To provide some preliminary information about the germline VHL mutations in mainland(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC) reduces renal injury in patients undergoing laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN). PATIENTS AND METHODS In all, 82 patients undergoing LPN were randomly assigned to either the RIPC or control group, with 40 and 38 patients, respectively completing 6-months follow-up. RIPC was conducted(More)
OBJECTIVE Preoperative aspects and dimensions used for an anatomical classification is a standardized system to assess the anatomical complexity of renal tumors and its impact on perioperative outcomes of partial nephrectomy. The objective is to apply the preoperative aspects and dimensions used for an anatomical classification in a series of Chinese(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which negatively regulate protein expression by binding protein-coding mRNAs, have been integrated into cancer development and progression as either oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. miR-30c was reported to be downregulated in several types of cancer. However, its role in human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains largely unknown. Here,(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) on renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tumor proliferation, migration, and development of drug resistance, thus underlying their potential as therapeutic targets in RCC patients. CAFs were grown in primary cultures. The in vitro model of interaction of RCC cell lines with CAFs(More)
Metabonomic profiling using proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR) spectroscopy and multivariate data analysis of human serum samples was used to characterize metabolic profiles in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We found distinct, easily detectable differences between (a) RCC patients and healthy humans, (b) RCC patients with metastases and without(More)
Idiopathic ventricular tachycardia is a generic term that describes the various forms of ventricular arrhythmias that occur in patients without structural heart disease and in the absence of the long QT syndrome. Many of these tachycardias are focal in origin, localize to the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT), terminate in response to beta blockers,(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most prevalent malignancy of the kidney. Its survival rates are very low since most of patients develop metastases beyond the kidney at the time of diagnosis. Early detection is currently by far the most promising approach to reduce RCC mortality. Metabolic alterations have been suggested to have a crucial role in cancer(More)
Platelet to Lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is thought to be associated with a worse outcome in multiple types of cancer. However, the prognostic significance of PLR has not been investigated in the prostate cancer (PCa) patients receiving hormonal therapy. The objective of this study was to determine the prognostic value of PLR in PCa patients treated with androgen(More)