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OBJECTIVE To determine whether women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) following pregnancy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS All women aged 20-49 years with live births between April 1994 and March 1997 in Ontario, Canada, were identified. Women with GDM were matched with 10 women without GDM and(More)
We measured cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and their relationship to glucose intolerance in a Native Canadian population with very high rates of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Five hundred and twenty five study-eligible Ojibwa-Cree individuals age 18 and over in the community of Sandy Lake, Canada who had participated in a population-based survey were(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of ischemic heart disease (IHD) has been declining in North America since the 1960s. Over this time, Native populations, which have traditionally had low rates of IHD, have undergone striking lifestyle changes that may have had health consequences. In this context, IHD trends in the Native communities of Ontario, Canada, were(More)
OBJECTIVE In vitro evidence shows that immune function is compromised in people with diabetes. Although certain rare infections are more common and infection-related mortality is higher, the risk of acquiring an infectious disease for diabetic patients has never been quantified. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A retrospective cohort study using administrative(More)
OBJECTIVE The definition of obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)), a key risk factor of diabetes, is widely used in white populations; however, its appropriateness in nonwhite populations has been questioned. We compared the incidence rates of diabetes across white, South Asian, Chinese, and black populations and identified equivalent ethnic-specific BMI cutoff values(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine in Canadian children aged <18 years the 1) incidence of type 2 diabetes, medication-induced diabetes, and monogenic diabetes; 2) clinical features of type 2 diabetes; and 3) coexisting morbidity associated with type 2 diabetes at diagnosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This Canadian prospective national surveillance study involved a(More)
BACKGROUND Women with preeclampsia (PEC) and gestational hypertension (GH) exhibit insulin resistance during pregnancy, independent of obesity and glucose intolerance. Our aim was to determine whether women with PEC or GH during pregnancy have an increased risk of developing diabetes after pregnancy, and whether the presence of PEC/GH in addition to(More)
OBJECTIVES Few women with gestational diabetes (GDM) are tested for type 2 diabetes in the postpartum period. Whether women are having physician visits that could be an opportunity to improve testing rates is unknown. This study sought to evaluate population-level trends in postpartum diabetes testing after GDM, and to evaluate postpartum physician care for(More)
AIMS Women with gestational diabetes mellitus have a high risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, secondary to post-partum progression of the chronic pancreatic ß-cell defect that underlies their presenting with dysglycaemia in pregnancy. Insulin-sensitizing therapy can decrease this risk of Type 2 diabetes, partly by offloading the secretory demand placed on(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Language barriers may lead to poor quality of care, particularly for conditions like acute stroke for which diagnosis and treatment decision making rely on taking an accurate patient history. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of patient language barriers on quality of stroke care and clinical outcomes. METHODS(More)