Baiju R. Shah

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OBJECTIVE In vitro evidence shows that immune function is compromised in people with diabetes. Although certain rare infections are more common and infection-related mortality is higher, the risk of acquiring an infectious disease for diabetic patients has never been quantified. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A retrospective cohort study using administrative(More)
OBJECTIVE The definition of obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)), a key risk factor of diabetes, is widely used in white populations; however, its appropriateness in nonwhite populations has been questioned. We compared the incidence rates of diabetes across white, South Asian, Chinese, and black populations and identified equivalent ethnic-specific BMI cutoff values(More)
BACKGROUND Women with preeclampsia (PEC) and gestational hypertension (GH) exhibit insulin resistance during pregnancy, independent of obesity and glucose intolerance. Our aim was to determine whether women with PEC or GH during pregnancy have an increased risk of developing diabetes after pregnancy, and whether the presence of PEC/GH in addition to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether adjusting for confounder bias in observational studies using propensity scores gives different results than using traditional regression modeling. METHODS Medline and Embase were used to identify studies that described at least one association between an exposure and an outcome using both traditional regression and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine in Canadian children aged <18 years the 1) incidence of type 2 diabetes, medication-induced diabetes, and monogenic diabetes; 2) clinical features of type 2 diabetes; and 3) coexisting morbidity associated with type 2 diabetes at diagnosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This Canadian prospective national surveillance study involved a(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the risk of new onset diabetes among patients treated with different HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins). DESIGN Population based cohort study with time to event analyses to estimate the relation between use of particular statins and incident diabetes. Hazard ratios were calculated to determine the effect of dose and type of statin(More)
BACKGROUND Gatifloxacin has been associated with both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. We examined dysglycemia-related health outcomes associated with various antibiotics in a population of approximately 1.4 million Ontario, Canada, residents 66 years of age or older. METHODS We conducted two population-based, nested case-control studies. In the first,(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated primary care accessibility and quality for Ontario's aboriginal population. METHODS We compared a defined aboriginal cohort with nonaboriginal populations with analogous geographic isolation and low socioeconomic status. We determined rates of hospitalization for the following indicators of adequacy of primary care: ambulatory(More)
OBJECTIVES Few women with gestational diabetes (GDM) are tested for type 2 diabetes in the postpartum period. Whether women are having physician visits that could be an opportunity to improve testing rates is unknown. This study sought to evaluate population-level trends in postpartum diabetes testing after GDM, and to evaluate postpartum physician care for(More)
INTRODUCTION During regular care, women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) rarely receive the recommended screening test for type 2 diabetes, a 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), in the postpartum period. The current study examined whether the implementation of a reminder system improved screening rates. METHODS Based on our(More)